(A) The alternation of zebrin-positive (dark) and zebrin-negative (light) zones gives the cerebellum a striped pattern. (B) Purkinje cells (PC) are the only neurons that carry signals out of the cerebellar cortex; they receive input signals from thousands of parallel fibres (blue) and one single climbing fibre (red). Climbing fibres arise from a region of the brainstem called the inferior olive. The inputs from parallel fibres (integrated with other inputs, not shown) lead to high-frequency simple spikes (SS, blue) in the Purkinje cell. The climbing fibre produces infrequent complex spikes (CS, red). Purkinje cells inhibit neurons in the deep cerebellar nuclei (DCN), which in turn inhibit neurons in the inferior olive. Zhou, Lin et al. found that both simple and complex spike firing frequency of Purkinje cells throughout the cerebellar cortex was decreased in zebrin-positive zones (shown on the left) when compared to zebrin-negative zones (shown on the right).
FIGURE CREDIT: Zebrin map modified from Sugihara and Quy, 2007