We describe Cleavage Under Targets and Release Using Nuclease (CUT&RUN), a chromatin profiling strategy in which antibody-targeted controlled cleavage by micrococcal nuclease releases specific protein-DNA complexes into the supernatant for paired-end DNA sequencing. Unlike Chromatin Immunoprecipitation (ChIP), which fragments and solubilizes total chromatin, CUT&RUN is performed in situ, allowing for both quantitative high-resolution chromatin mapping and probing of the local chromatin environment. When applied to yeast and human nuclei, CUT&RUN yielded precise transcription factor profiles while avoiding cross-linking and solubilization issues. CUT&RUN is simple to perform and is inherently robust, with extremely low backgrounds requiring only ~1/10th the sequencing depth as ChIP, making CUT&RUN especially cost-effective for transcription factor and chromatin profiling. When used in conjunction with native ChIP-seq and applied to human CTCF, CUT&RUN mapped long range contacts at high resolution. We conclude that in situ mapping of protein-DNA interactions by CUT&RUN is an attractive alternative to ChIP-seq.
Cut-and-Run in situ factor profiling maps DNA binding and 3D contact sites at high resolutionPublicly available at the NCBI Gene Expression Omnibus (accession no: GSE84474).
High-resolution mapping of transcription factor binding sites on native chromatin.Publicly available at the NCBI Gene Expression Omnibus (accession no: GSE45672).
CTCF-Mediated Human 3D Genome Architecture Reveals Chromatin Topology for TranscriptionPublicly available at the NCBI Gene Expression Omnibus (accession no: GSE72816).
- Peter J Skene
- Steven Henikoff
The funders had no role in study design, data collection and interpretation, or the decision to submit the work for publication.
- Danny Reinberg, Howard Hughes Medical Institute, New York University School of Medicine, United States
© 2017, Skene & Henikoff
This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License permitting unrestricted use and redistribution provided that the original author and source are credited.