1. Evolutionary Biology
  2. Physics of Living Systems
Download icon

Morphogenesis: Mathematical models with frills

  1. Pierre A Haas  Is a corresponding author
  1. University of Cambridge, United Kingdom
Insight
Cite this article as: eLife 2019;8:e48520 doi: 10.7554/eLife.48520
1 figure

Figures

How frustrated growth can lead to the formation of frills.

(AChlamydosaurus kingii, the frilled dragon, posturing with erect frill. (B) Chlamydosaurus with frill at rest. Each lobe of the frill has pleated into three folds. (C) During development of the cerebral cortex, grey matter grows more than white matter, leading to the formation of ridges and grooves called gyri and sulci. This is an example of frustrated growth at a surface. (D) The formation of the folds in the frill of Chlamydosaurus is an example of frustrated growth at a boundary: the frill is fixed at one edge by its attachment to the neck, so it buckles and forms folds as it grows. (E) Buckling due to boundary frustration illustrated by a physical analog experiment. Panels A, B and E are from Montandon et al., 2019.

Download links

A two-part list of links to download the article, or parts of the article, in various formats.

Downloads (link to download the article as PDF)

Download citations (links to download the citations from this article in formats compatible with various reference manager tools)

Open citations (links to open the citations from this article in various online reference manager services)