5,929 results found
    1. Cell Biology

    Unfolded protein response transducer IRE1-mediated signaling independent of XBP1 mRNA splicing is not required for growth and development of medaka fish

    Tokiro Ishikawa et al.
    The unfolded protein response sensor/transducer IRE1-mediated splicing of XBP1 mRNA encoding its active downstream transcription factor to maintain the homeostasis of the endoplasmic reticulum is sufficient for growth and development of medaka fish.
    1. Neuroscience

    Sparse genetic tracing reveals regionally specific functional organization of mammalian nociceptors

    William Olson et al.
    Single-nociceptor tracing reveals a novel somatotopic organization for the mammalian pain system, and physiological recordings and peripheral optogenetic behavior assays suggest that it is a possible mechanism underlying region-specific pain sensation.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Competing scaffolding proteins determine capsid size during mobilization of Staphylococcus aureus pathogenicity islands

    Altaira D Dearborn et al.
    Cryo-electron microscopy and genetics show how Staphylococcus aureus pathogenicity island 1 hijacks the assembly pathway of a helper phage for its own propagation.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Sec17 (α-SNAP) and an SM-tethering complex regulate the outcome of SNARE zippering in vitro and in vivo

    Matthew L Schwartz et al.
    Sec17 is shown to have divergent effects on pre-fusion SNARE complex activity, depending on the state of SNARE zippering and HOPS, an SM-tether complex, controls the outcome of Sec17-SNARE engagement.
    1. Neuroscience

    Local processing in neurites of VGluT3-expressing amacrine cells differentially organizes visual information

    Jen-Chun Hsiang et al.
    Neurite arbors of VGluT3-expressing amacrine cells (VG3-ACs) process visual information locally uniformly detecting object motion while varying in contrast preferences; and in spite of extensive overlap between arbors of neighboring cells population activity in the VG3-AC plexus encodes stimulus positions with subcellular precision.
    1. Cell Biology

    CHIP as a membrane-shuttling proteostasis sensor

    Yannick Kopp et al.
    The mechanism is revealed that connects the protein degradation machinery to cellular membrane-bound compartments during proteostasis stress in mammalian cells.
    1. Cell Biology

    COPI mediates recycling of an exocytic SNARE by recognition of a ubiquitin sorting signal

    Peng Xu et al.
    COPI vesicle coat protein recognizes a ubiquitin sorting signal on an exocytic v-SNARE to mediate recycling.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Developmental Biology and Stem Cells

    A multi-scale model for hair follicles reveals heterogeneous domains driving rapid spatiotemporal hair growth patterning

    Qixuan Wang et al.
    Regional differences in activator and inhibitor signals alter hair cycle pace across mouse skin and produce unique fur renewal 'landscapes', with fastest renewal on the ventrum and slowest renewal on the ear pinnae.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology and Stem Cells

    Planar cell polarity signaling coordinates oriented cell division and cell rearrangement in clonally expanding growth plate cartilage

    Yuwei Li et al.
    Through the interaction between PCP signaling and N-cadherin, oriented cell division and cell rearrangement are coordinated to establish the appropriate tissue architecture critical for limb skeletal morphogenesis.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Sleep: To rebound or not to rebound

    Bethany A Stahl, Alex C Keene
    Sexual arousal in flies counteracts the effects of sleep deprivation.
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