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    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    The Mla pathway in Acinetobacter baumannii has no demonstrable role in anterograde lipid transport

    Matthew J Powers et al.
    An outer membrane vesicle pulse-chase assay demonstrates that the Acinetobacter baumannii Mla system is a retrograde lipid transporter.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Heterogeneity in surface sensing suggests a division of labor in Pseudomonas aeruginosa populations

    Catherine R Armbruster et al.
    Subpopulations of polysaccharide producer and surface explorer cells play specialized roles in early Pseudomonas aeruginosa biofilm formation.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    The genetic requirements of fatty acid import by Mycobacterium tuberculosis within macrophages

    Evgeniya V Nazarova et al.
    An unbiased forward genetic screen identified genes in Mycobacterium tuberculosis that are required for fatty acid import when the bacterium is residing within macrophages.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Tandem riboswitches form a natural Boolean logic gate to control purine metabolism in bacteria

    Madeline E Sherlock et al.
    A riboswitch class has been discovered for phosphoribosyl pyrophosphate, the biochemical precursor of nucleotides, and this novel RNA sensor commonly operates in tandem with a guanine aptamer to function like a Boolean logic gate.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Discovery of methylfarnesoate as the annelid brain hormone reveals an ancient role of sesquiterpenoids in reproduction

    Sven Schenk et al.
    A small brain-derived lipid prevents bristle worms from entering maturation and death, challenging current views of hormone evolution and pesticide specificity.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Delayed inhibition mechanism for secondary channel factor regulation of ribosomal RNA transcription

    Sarah K Stumper et al.
    Single-molecule observations reveal a mechanism that may be used by multiple competing regulatory proteins to control ribosomal RNA production during rapid bacterial cell growth.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology

    Essential metabolism for a minimal cell

    Marian Breuer et al.
    A near-complete flux balance analysis model of a minimal cell demonstrates the high essentiality of its metabolic genes, agrees well with experimental essentiality data and suggests some further gene removals.
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    Differing isoforms of the cobalamin binding photoreceptor AerR oppositely regulate photosystem expression

    Haruki Yamamoto et al.
    A novel B12 containing photoreceptor is synthesized as two different isoforms that interact with the same transcription factor, with one isoform directing activation and the other promoting repression of photosystem synthesis.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Efficacy of β-lactam/β-lactamase inhibitor combination is linked to WhiB4-mediated changes in redox physiology of Mycobacterium tuberculosis

    Saurabh Mishra et al.
    Intrinsic tolerance of Mycobacterium tuberculosis toward the world's most successful antibacterials, β-lactams, is dependent on cytoplasmic redox potential and an intracellular redox-sensor WhiB4.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    A Ras-like domain in the light intermediate chain bridges the dynein motor to a cargo-binding region

    Courtney M Schroeder et al.
    The dynein light intermediate chain is a member of the G protein superfamily and links the motor to several intracellular cargo adaptors.