1,892 results found
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    The physical dimensions of amyloid aggregates control their infective potential as prion particles

    Ricardo Marchante et al.
    Size threshold and suprastructure formation are key parameters that control the infective potential of amyloid fibrils as prion particles.
    1. Cell Biology

    Spatial quality control bypasses cell-based limitations on proteostasis to promote prion curing

    Courtney L Klaips et al.
    Cell division imposes a limit on proteostasis capacity by reducing chaperone accumulation, but chaperone-substrate interactions reverse these events to allow clearance of even chronically misfolded protein amyloids.
    1. Neuroscience
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    mTOR signaling regulates the morphology and migration of outer radial glia in developing human cortex

    Madeline G Andrews et al.
    mTOR signaling regulates the morphology of a human-enriched neural stem cell population and thus contributes to the radial architecture of the developing human cortex with implications for neurodevelopmental disease.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    The autophagy adaptor NDP52 and the FIP200 coiled-coil allosterically activate ULK1 complex membrane recruitment

    Xiaoshan Shi et al.
    Hydrogen-deuterium exchange, electron microscopy, and vesicle reconstitution show how binding of the autophagy adaptor NDP52 to the FIP200 subunit of the ULK1 complex triggers membrane binding in autophagy.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Regulation of nerve growth and patterning by cell surface protein disulphide isomerase

    Geoffrey MW Cook et al.
    The nerve growth-repellent activity that generates spinal nerve repeat-patterning in birds and mammals is identified at the molecular level, and a similar system is revealed in adult brain grey matter.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Hfq CLASH uncovers sRNA-target interaction networks linked to nutrient availability adaptation

    Ira Alexandra Iosub et al.
    High-throughput RNA-RNA interaction analysis uncovers many novel sRNA-target interactions at various growth stages in Escherichia coli.
    1. Neuroscience

    Movement-related coupling of human subthalamic nucleus spikes to cortical gamma

    Petra Fischer et al.
    When coupling between STN spikes and cortical gamma oscillations was strong, subsequent movement was initiated earlier, independent of changes in mean firing rates, demonstrating the importance of relative spike timing.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Distinct RanBP1 nuclear export and cargo dissociation mechanisms between fungi and animals

    Yuling Li et al.
    Animal RanBP1 nuclear export and cargo dissociation mechanisms are surprisingly different from yeast, due to mutations of critical residues, leading to greater nuclear transport efficiency and higher energy cost.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology

    In-depth human plasma proteome analysis captures tissue proteins and transfer of protein variants across the placenta

    Maria Pernemalm et al.
    Comprehensive mass spectrometry analysis of human plasma proteome reveals tissue leakage proteins, describes variability between individual plasma proteomes and demonstrates protein transfer across the placenta during pregnancy.
    1. Neuroscience

    The hippocampus supports deliberation during value-based decisions

    Akram Bakkour et al.
    The deliberation involved in simple preference decisions, such as those between two familiar snacks, depends on the hippocampus.

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