1,106 results found
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Implications of the differing roles of the β1 and β3 transmembrane and cytoplasmic domains for integrin function

    Zhenwei Lu et al.
    Diverse biophysical properties of β1 and β3 integrin transmembrane and cytoplasmic domains result in distinct mechanisms of integrin activation and function.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Plasmodium Niemann-Pick type C1-related protein is a druggable target required for parasite membrane homeostasis

    Eva S Istvan et al.
    The malaria parasite Niemann-Pick Type C1-related protein is an important new antimalarial target.
    1. Neuroscience

    β11-12 linker isomerization governs acid-sensing ion channel desensitization and recovery

    Matthew L Rook et al.
    The rotation of the β11-12 linker is a crucial control point for acid-sensing ion channel gating and motion of this linker is required for the channel to desensitize.
    1. Cell Biology

    Golgi localized β1-adrenergic receptors stimulate Golgi PI4P hydrolysis by PLCε to regulate cardiac hypertrophy

    Craig A Nash et al.
    β-adrenergic receptors at the Golgi apparatus activate a local signaling pathway, not accessed by cell surface receptors, to drive cardiac hypertrophy and could represent a target for heart failure therapy.
    1. Neuroscience

    A dystonia-like movement disorder with brain and spinal neuronal defects is caused by mutation of the mouse laminin β1 subunit, Lamb1

    Yi Bessie Liu et al.
    A mouse with a defined mutation in an extracellular matrix protein that is expressed in selected neurons sheds light on circuit abnormalities producing transient hyperkinetic movements.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    A CLC-ec1 mutant reveals global conformational change and suggests a unifying mechanism for the CLC Cl/H+ transport cycle

    Tanmay S Chavan et al.
    Crystallography together with electron-resonance spectroscopy, molecular-dynamics simulations, and transport measurements reveal the molecular details of protein conformational change, and how this change contributes to function in a CLC-type chloride/proton exchanger.
    1. Neuroscience

    C1 neurons are part of the circuitry that recruits active expiration in response to the activation of peripheral chemoreceptors

    Milene R Malheiros-Lima et al.
    An unbiased description reveals potential implications for understanding the developmental mechanisms that match respiratory supply and demand during hypoxia.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Blood flow guides sequential support of neutrophil arrest and diapedesis by PILR-β1 and PILR-α

    Yu-Tung Li et al.
    Blood flow-driven shear forces guide the sequential signaling of two antagonistic paired receptors, a critical bi-facet step that first supports leukocyte docking, then initiates transmigration through endothelium.
    1. Neuroscience

    Circulating transforming growth factor-β1 facilitates remyelination in the adult central nervous system

    Machika Hamaguchi et al.
    Although central nervous system (CNS) regeneration has been considered to be controlled by CNS microenvironment, CNS injury causes leading to leakage of circulating factors into CNS, which promotes CNS regeneration.
    1. Cell Biology

    The adhesion function of the sodium channel beta subunit (β1) contributes to cardiac action potential propagation

    Rengasayee Veeraraghavan et al.
    Structural and functional investigations identify a structural unit for ephaptic coupling in the heart, and provide the mechanistic basis for a novel strategy for the treatment of arrhythmias.

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