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    1. Neuroscience
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    The His-Gly motif of acid-sensing ion channels resides in a reentrant ‘loop’ implicated in gating and ion selectivity

    Nate Yoder, Eric Gouaux
    The amino terminus of acid-sensing ion channel 1a forms a reentrant 'loop' that frames the lower pore and harbors a conserved 'His-Gly' motif implicated in gating and ion selectivity mechanisms.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Cryo-EM structures and functional properties of CALHM channels of the human placenta

    Katarzyna Drożdżyk et al.
    Members of the calcium homeostasis modulator family expressed in the placenta form large channels with unknown activation properties that harbor a lipid bilayer on the inside of a cylindrical pore.
    1. Neuroscience

    A calibrated optogenetic toolbox of stable zebrafish opsin lines

    Paride Antinucci et al.
    Generation of stable transgenic opsin lines together with in vivo calibration of their efficacy using behavioural and electrophysiological assays constitutes a novel optogenetic toolkit in zebrafish.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Cell-specific exon methylation and CTCF binding in neurons regulate calcium ion channel splicing and function

    Eduardo Javier López Soto, Diane Lipscombe
    Cell-specific alternative splicing of the synaptic calcium channel gene Cacna1b is controlled by exon hypomethylation and CTCF binding and is disrupted following nerve injury.
    1. Neuroscience

    Visually-updated hand state estimates modulate the proprioceptive reflex independently of motor task requirements

    Sho Ito, Hiroaki Gomi
    Distortion and elimination of limb visual feedback affects low-level stretch reflex control, indicating the involvement of a high-level and multimodal representation of the limb state in orchestrating hierarchical sensorimotor control.
    1. Developmental Biology

    A branched heterochronic pathway directs juvenile-to-adult transition through two LIN-29 isoforms

    Chiara Azzi et al.
    Distinct regulation endows two isoforms of the transcription factor LIN-29 with distinct functions to achieve coordinated execution of separate juvenile-to-adult transition events in Caenorhabditis elegans..
    1. Neuroscience

    Cortical encoding of melodic expectations in human temporal cortex

    Giovanni M Di Liberto et al.
    Computational models of musical structure reveal cortical encoding of pitch and rhythm expectations during naturalistic music listening.
    1. Neuroscience

    Catecholaminergic modulation of meta-learning

    Jennifer L Cook et al.
    A human psychopharmacology study reveals that a drug that affects the dopamine and noradrenaline systems enhances people's ability to adapt their learning rate to suit the volatility of the environment.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Hair follicle stem cells regulate retinoid metabolism to maintain the self-renewal niche for melanocyte stem cells

    Zhiwei Lu et al.
    Metabolite mediates communication between stem cells and influences stem cell maintenance.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Initiation of chromosome replication controls both division and replication cycles in E. coli through a double-adder mechanism

    Guillaume Witz et al.
    Single-cell measurements combined with a new statistical framework for discriminating between models of cell cycle regulation show that chromosome initiation controls the E. coli cell cycle via two adder mechanisms.