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9,874 results found
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Loss of FLCN-FNIP1/2 induces a non-canonical interferon response in human renal tubular epithelial cells

    Iris E Glykofridis et al.
    Knocking out Folliculin (FLCN) in human renal epithelial cells activates STAT1/2-mediated gene expression, independent of interferon, uncovering a tissue-specific process potentially relevant in the cancer syndrome Birt-Hogg-Dubé (BHD).
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Transient protein accumulation at the center of the T cell antigen-presenting cell interface drives efficient IL-2 secretion

    Danielle J Clark et al.
    A membrane-associated, supramolecular protein complex with dynamically changing components, the central supramolecular activation cluster, regulates the generation of the T cell effector cytokine IL-2 depending on its composition.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Intravascular flow stimulates PKD2 (polycystin-2) channels in endothelial cells to reduce blood pressure

    Charles E MacKay et al.
    PKD2 (polycystin-2) channels are a major component of a flow-sensing signaling mechanism in endothelial cells that stimulates vasodilation and reduces blood pressure.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    CTCF and cohesin regulate chromatin loop stability with distinct dynamics

    Anders S Hansen et al.
    Single-molecule imaging of CTCF and cohesin in live cells suggests that chromatin loops are dynamic structures that frequently form and fall apart.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Antagonistic control of Caenorhabditis elegans germline stem cell proliferation and differentiation by PUF proteins FBF-1 and FBF-2

    Xiaobo Wang et al.
    Complementary effects of FBF-1 and FBF-2 on germline stem cell dynamics result from their distinct cooperation with mRNA deadenylase resulting in the opposite effects on the shared target mRNAs.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Developmental Biology

    Mi-2/NuRD complex protects stem cell progeny from mitogenic Notch signaling

    Evanthia Zacharioudaki et al.
    Depleting Mi-2 in the progeny of neural stem cells prevents normal enhancer decommissioning so that they become sensitive to Notch activity and re-acquire stem cell properties.
    1. Neuroscience
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    PIP2 depletion promotes TRPV4 channel activity in mouse brain capillary endothelial cells

    Osama F Harraz et al.
    TRPV4 channels in brain capillaries are suppressed by the phosphoinositide PIP2 and activated by receptor agonists implicated in neurovascular coupling.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Stella modulates transcriptional and endogenous retrovirus programs during maternal-to-zygotic transition

    Yun Huang et al.
    Soon after fertilisation, a critical portion of the embryonic genome is switched on through the actions of maternally inherited Stella, in part through controlling the activation of transposable elements.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    The autophagy gene Atg16l1 differentially regulates Treg and TH2 cells to control intestinal inflammation

    Agnieszka M Kabat et al.
    Impaired autophagy influences intestinal inflammation and hypersensitivity responses by orchestrating mucosal T cell populations, suggesting new translational perspectives for the treatment of these conditions.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Retro-2 protects cells from ricin toxicity by inhibiting ASNA1-mediated ER targeting and insertion of tail-anchored proteins

    David W Morgens et al.
    Using a suite of CRISPR technologies, unique chemical tools, and carefully designed biochemical and cell biological assays, we define the mechanism of action of Retro-2, an inhibitor of retrograde toxins.

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