711 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Cell type specificity of neurovascular coupling in cerebral cortex

    Hana Uhlirova et al.
    Excitatory and inhibitory cortical neurons drive parallel vasodilatory pathways, while vasoconstriction is mediated exclusively by inhibition acting via Neuropeptide Y binding to Y1 receptors.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    A new mode of pancreatic islet innervation revealed by live imaging in zebrafish

    Yu Hsuan Carol Yang et al.
    A novel mode of organ innervation, whereby neurons establish connections with their targets before migrating away, was revealed by live imaging of the developing zebrafish pancreas.
    1. Neuroscience

    Evolution of neuronal anatomy and circuitry in two highly divergent nematode species

    Ray L Hong et al.
    The substrate for evolutionary divergence does not lie in changes in neuronal cell number or targeting, but rather in sensory perception and synaptic partner choice within invariant, prepatterned neuronal processes.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Translational regulation of protrusion-localized RNAs involves silencing and clustering after transport

    Konstadinos Moissoglu et al.
    RNAs enriched at cell protrusions are translated regardless of their location in the cytoplasm but are dynamically repressed in retracting protrusions and incorporated into heterogeneous RNA clusters.
    1. Neuroscience

    Pretectal neurons control hunting behaviour

    Paride Antinucci et al.
    A discrete population of genetically accessible pretectal neurons controls visually guided hunting behaviour in larval zebrafish.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Extraocular, rod-like photoreceptors in a flatworm express xenopsin photopigment

    Kate A Rawlinson et al.
    A new opsin receptor is light-sensitive and expressed in a unique type of photoreceptor in a flatworm that encloses over 400 sensory cilia within its cell membrane.
    1. Neuroscience

    Anatomical basis and physiological role of cerebrospinal fluid transport through the murine cribriform plate

    Jordan N Norwood et al.
    Chemical ablation of olfactory sensory neurons blocks cerebrospinal fluid outflow into the nasal epithelium, leading to alterations of cerebrospinal fluid dynamics.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Plasticity of Escherichia coli cell wall metabolism promotes fitness and antibiotic resistance across environmental conditions

    Elizabeth A Mueller et al.
    Environmental specialization of bacterial cell wall synthases influences intrinsic resistance to cell wall active antibiotics.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Computational and Systems Biology

    ATP-induced asymmetric pre-protein folding as a driver of protein translocation through the Sec machinery

    Robin A Corey et al.
    How the process of protein folding may be controlled by the Sec machinery to assist protein transport across membranes.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Physics of Living Systems

    Light-based tuning of ligand half-life supports kinetic proofreading model of T cell signaling

    Doug K Tischer, Orion David Weiner
    Direct control of ligand binding half-life with light shows that lifetime strongly affects T cell signaling.

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