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    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Serine ADP-ribosylation reversal by the hydrolase ARH3

    Pietro Fontana et al.
    ARH3 is an enzyme that hydrolyses serine ADP-ribosylation, a recently uncovered post-translational protein modification.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    ReporterSeq reveals genome-wide dynamic modulators of the heat shock response across diverse stressors

    Brian D Alford et al.
    A pooled genetic screening method measures the effect of knocking down every gene on a transcriptional stress response to proteotoxic stress (the heat shock response) using only nucleic acid sequencing, without cell enrichment or single-cell isolation.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health

    Longitudinal trajectories, correlations and mortality associations of nine biological ages across 20-years follow-up

    Xia Li et al.
    Biological ages have the potential to provide aging-related information beyond chronological age and can be predictive of mortality independently of both chronological age and different types of biological ages.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    The small molecule ISRIB reverses the effects of eIF2α phosphorylation on translation and stress granule assembly

    Carmela Sidrauski et al.
    Building on previous work which showed that the small molecule ISRIB potently blocks the integrated stress response (Sidrauski et al., 2013), we report on ISRIB's remarkable specificity and fast action in vivo, underscoring its proposed direct effect on translation.
    1. Neuroscience

    Egr2 induction in spiny projection neurons of the ventrolateral striatum contributes to cocaine place preference in mice

    Diptendu Mukherjee et al.
    The ventrolateral striatum is found to be recruited during the encoding of cocaine preference, within which Egr2-expressing ensembles are functionally important, as is the expression of Egr2 within them.
    1. Cancer Biology

    Dissecting cell-type-specific metabolism in pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma

    Allison N Lau et al.
    Isotope tracing into macromolecules enables functional analysis of metabolism in specific cell populations in tumors and provides insight into metabolic differences between cancer and stromal cells in their endogenous microenvironment.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Architectural principles for Hfq/Crc-mediated regulation of gene expression

    Xue Yuan Pei et al.
    Structural insights show how RNA chaperones cooperate to recognise defined target transcripts and suppress gene expression.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Determination of host proteins composing the microenvironment of coronavirus replicase complexes by proximity-labeling

    Philip V'kovski et al.
    The molecular microenvironment of coronaviral replicase complexes provides functional and spatial links between conserved cellular processes and viral RNA synthesis, and highlights potential targets for the development of novel antivirals.
    1. Neuroscience

    Murine Fam65b forms ring-like structures at the base of stereocilia critical for mechanosensory hair cell function

    Bo Zhao et al.
    Super-resolution microscopy reveals a highly organized compartment in the stereocilia of mechanosensory hair cells of the inner ear, which is critical for hair cell function and affected in disease.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Temporal pattern and synergy influence activity of ERK signaling pathways during L-LTP induction

    Nadiatou T Miningou Zobon et al.
    ERK activation during induction of long-term synaptic plasticity is enhanced by synergistic interactions among signaling pathways mediated by the synaptically located GTPase-activating protein, and each pathway contributes to different ERK temporal dynamics.