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    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Prediction of primary somatosensory neuron activity during active tactile exploration

    Dario Campagner et al.
    Primary trigeminal neurons encode rotational forces in awake mice as they explore an object with their whiskers, allowing accurate prediction of spiking during behaviour.
    1. Neuroscience

    Human VMPFC encodes early signatures of confidence in perceptual decisions

    Sabina Gherman, Marios G. Philiastides
    Simultaneous EEG-fMRI reveals neural representations of decision confidence unfolding prior to explicit perceptual choices, in a region of the ventromedial prefrontal cortex typically linked to reward processing and value-based decisions.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Pyphe, a python toolbox for assessing microbial growth and cell viability in high-throughput colony screens

    Stephan Kamrad et al.
    An open-source python package for phenotype analyses provides a versatile, modular and user-friendly solution to determine complementary fitness-related traits from large-scale assays of microbial colonies.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Distinct cytoskeletal proteins define zones of enhanced cell wall synthesis in Helicobacter pylori

    Jennifer A Taylor et al.
    The helical bacterium Helicobacter pylori patterns cell wall synthesis using two distinct cytoskeletal proteins, CcmA and MreB, to achieve its characteristic shape.
    1. Cell Biology

    YAP regulates cell size and growth dynamics via non-cell autonomous mediators

    Douaa Mugahid et al.
    Besides a cell autonomous role in regulating proliferation, YAP regulates the production of several extracellular molecules allowing for population-level coordination of cell growth and death.
    1. Neuroscience

    Associability-modulated loss learning is increased in posttraumatic stress disorder

    Vanessa M Brown et al.
    Veterans with PTSD show increased attention to a history of unexpected outcomes during loss learning, both as measured by computational model-derived behavioral parameters and in increased neural signaling in amygdala and insula.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology

    Phenotypic diversity and temporal variability in a bacterial signaling network revealed by single-cell FRET

    Johannes M Keegstra et al.
    Noise in a signaling network comprising thousands of molecules shapes diversity across cell populations and generates giant temporal fluctuations at the single-cell level.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Computational and Systems Biology

    Removing physiological motion from intravital and clinical functional imaging data

    Sean C Warren et al.
    Image-based motion correction enables the use of fluorescence lifetime and other functional imaging modalities in an intravital and clinical context in the presence of physiological motion.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    An unfolded protein-induced conformational switch activates mammalian IRE1

    G Elif Karagöz et al.
    ER-stress sensing mechanism of the unfolded protein response sensor/transducer IRE1 is conserved from yeast to mammals, where in mammals, unfolded protein binding to IRE1's ER lumenal domain is coupled to its oligomerization and activation through an allosteric conformational change.
    1. Neuroscience

    SynEM, automated synapse detection for connectomics

    Benedikt Staffler et al.
    The detection of chemical synapses in 3-dimensional electron microscopy data has been automated such that synapses in large-scale connectivity maps of the cerebral cortex, connectomes, can be charted without the need for human interaction.