1,378 results found
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Tunable protein synthesis by transcript isoforms in human cells

    Stephen N Floor, Jennifer A Doudna
    Measurements of transcript isoform specific translation across the human genome reveal that isoforms from the same gene can differ in protein production by two orders of magnitude.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Many lncRNAs, 5’UTRs, and pseudogenes are translated and some are likely to express functional proteins

    Zhe Ji et al.
    Thousands of "noncoding" RNAs, 5' "untranslated" regions, and pseudogenes in humans are actually translated, and some of these are likely to express functional proteins.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Yeast eIF4A enhances recruitment of mRNAs regardless of their structural complexity

    Paul Yourik et al.
    Eukaryotic translation initiation factor 4A is stimulated by the ribosomal pre-initiation complex and promotes the recruitment of mRNAs regardless of their degree of structure.
    1. Neuroscience

    5'-UTR SNP of FGF13 causes translational defect and intellectual disability

    Xingyu Pan et al.
    A 5'-UTR SNP of FGF13 impairs PTBP2 interacting with FGF13 mRNA, leading to reduced FGF13 translation and deficits in brain development and cognitive functions.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Translation of 5′ leaders is pervasive in genes resistant to eIF2 repression

    Dmitry E Andreev et al.
    Most of the mRNAs whose translation is resistant to the stress-induced repression of protein synthesis contain upstream open reading frames that are efficiently translated under normal conditions.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Comprehensive annotations of human herpesvirus 6A and 6B genomes reveal novel and conserved genomic features

    Yaara Finkel et al.
    Unbiased mapping of viral open reading frames (ORFs) and transcripts in HHV-6 genomes uncovers novel ORFs and lncRNAs that are conserved across betaherpesviruses.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    A systematically-revised ribosome profiling method for bacteria reveals pauses at single-codon resolution

    Fuad Mohammad et al.
    With the removal of confounding artifacts, ribosome profiling can yield insight into the mechanism of protein synthesis in bacteria at high resolution.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Translational initiation in E. coli occurs at the correct sites genome-wide in the absence of mRNA-rRNA base-pairing

    Kazuki Saito et al.
    E. coli ribosomes incapable of base-pairing with the Shine-Dalgarno sequence are still selective for annotated start sites, indicating these sites are hard-wired for initiation by other mRNA features.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    sRNA-mediated activation of gene expression by inhibition of 5'-3’ exonucleolytic mRNA degradation

    Sylvain Durand et al.
    Small regulatory RNAs are able to modulate mRNA degradation rates by controlling access to the 5' end of mRNAs in bacteria.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    The fail-safe mechanism of post-transcriptional silencing of unspliced HAC1 mRNA

    Rachael Di Santo et al.
    The unspliced HAC1 mRNA does not give rise to detectable protein in budding yeast, despite its cytoplasmic localization, due to a two-part post-transcriptional silencing mechanism.

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