19 results found
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    PRDM9 activity depends on HELLS and promotes local 5-hydroxymethylcytosine enrichment

    Yukiko Imai et al.
    Biochemical and genetic approaches uncover a chromatin remodeler for PRDM9 binding and the parallel local epigenetic modification of cytosines in mouse spermatocytes.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Computational and Systems Biology

    5-hydroxymethylcytosine marks regions with reduced mutation frequency in human DNA

    Marketa Tomkova et al.
    Different types of epigenetic DNA modifications affect the likelihood of cytosine mutations in cancer.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    cAMP signaling regulates DNA hydroxymethylation by augmenting the intracellular labile ferrous iron pool

    Vladimir Camarena et al.
    cAMP is identified to play a novel role in regulating DNA demethylation and gene transcription by augmenting the intracellular reactive Fe(II) pool.
    1. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    DNA methylation directs genomic localization of Mbd2 and Mbd3 in embryonic stem cells

    Sarah J Hainer et al.
    Two methyl-binding domain proteins have interdependent functions in embryonic stem cells, and this interdependency extends to the DNA methylation/hydroxymethylation machinery.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    OGT binds a conserved C-terminal domain of TET1 to regulate TET1 activity and function in development

    Joel Hrit et al.
    The epigenetic regulator TET1 is regulated by the nutrient-sensing enzyme OGT in vitro and in cells.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Epigenetic modification of the PD-1 (Pdcd1) promoter in effector CD4+ T cells tolerized by peptide immunotherapy

    Rhoanne C McPherson et al.
    Peptide immunotherapy in mice depends upon sustained expression of co-inhibitory protein PD-1 in T cells.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Global DNA methylation remodeling during direct reprogramming of fibroblasts to neurons

    Chongyuan Luo et al.
    Induced neuronal cells acquire epigenomic signatures specific to matured neurons.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Sustained TNF-α stimulation leads to transcriptional memory that greatly enhances signal sensitivity and robustness

    Zuodong Zhao et al.
    Sustained TNF-α induction consolidates transcriptional memory for faster, stronger, and more sensitive subsequent induction in an active DNA demethylation-dependent manner for memory genes including CALCB, a therapeutic target for migraine.
    1. Cancer Biology

    Lactate-mediated epigenetic reprogramming regulates formation of human pancreatic cancer-associated fibroblasts

    Tushar D Bhagat et al.
    Lactate in pancreatic cancer micro-environment can lead to TET enzyme activation and loss of DNA methylation seen in cancer associated fibroblasts.

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