Circulating human primed innate lymphoid cell precursors have the potential to functionally induce adhesion molecules' expression in endothelial cells and possibly support the immune cells' infiltration into the tumor site.
A gain-of-function in a new chemical defense resulted in no trade-offs and and independent evolution between novel and ancestral defenses, suggesting low redundancy among different defensive chemicals.
Structure specific nucleases that act in DNA replication, repair and recombination actively mold their DNA while transforming their own structure to achieve precise cleavage of their cognate DNA and avoid the deleterious cleavage of noncognate DNA.
A 2-year field study has demonstrated that volatile compounds produced by plants when they are attacked by herbivores act as defenses by attracting predators to the herbivores and increasing the reproduction of the plants.
Viewing the dynamic interactions of individual spliceosomal subcomplexes with single pre-messenger RNA molecules reveals how nearby flanking splice sites accelerate pre-spliceosome assembly and the splicing of multi-intron pre-mRNAs.