513 results found
    1. Developmental Biology

    Zfp281 is essential for mouse epiblast maturation through transcriptional and epigenetic control of Nodal signaling

    Xin Huang et al.
    Post-implantation epiblast maturation and patterning of anterior-posterior axis in mouse embryonic development are mediated by pluripotency transcription factor Zfp281 through transcriptional and epigenetic control of Nodal signaling.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Evolution of Segmentation: Sox enters the picture

    Felix Kaufholz, Natascha Turetzek
    The discovery of a gene that regulates two segmentation mechanisms in spider embryos is fueling the ongoing debate about the evolution of this crucial developmental process.
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    1. Developmental Biology

    Addressing the ethical issues raised by synthetic human entities with embryo-like features

    John Aach et al.
    Guidelines governing research into embryos need to be updated in a way that reflects the moral status of synthetic human entities generated using the methods of synthetic biology.
    1. Neuroscience

    Biophysics of object segmentation in a collision-detecting neuron

    Richard Burkett Dewell, Fabrizio Gabbiani
    Active dendritic processing enables an individual neuron to discriminate the spatial pattern of synaptic inputs, increasing neural and behavioral selectivity for escaping an impending threat.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    The major β-catenin/E-cadherin junctional binding site is a primary molecular mechano-transductor of differentiation in vivo

    Jens-Christian Röper et al.
    The primary molecular mechanosensor involved in a physiological process of mechanically induced cell fate differentiation is revealed here for the first time in vivo, highly sensitive and potentially shared by all metazoan epithelia.
    1. Neuroscience

    Functional limb muscle innervation prior to cholinergic transmitter specification during early metamorphosis in Xenopus

    Francois M Lambert et al.
    Molecular labeling, electrophysiology and calcium imaging have revealed a novel switching of neurotransmitter at the frog neuromuscular junction where motoneurons transiently release glutamate before acetylcholine at synapses on developing hindlimb muscles at the onset of metamorphosis.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Germ layer-specific regulation of cell polarity and adhesion gives insight into the evolution of mesoderm

    Miguel Salinas-Saavedra et al.
    The expression of 'bilaterian-mesodermal’ genes changes the epithelial properties of the endomesoderm during the embryogenesis of the cnidarian Nematostella vectensis.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Transcription factor TFCP2L1 patterns cells in the mouse kidney collecting ducts

    Max Werth et al.
    A combination of genetic and molecular assays revealed that transcription factor Tfcp2l1 provides the basis for cell patterning and physiologic coordination in kidney collecting ducts.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    A multi-scale model for hair follicles reveals heterogeneous domains driving rapid spatiotemporal hair growth patterning

    Qixuan Wang et al.
    Regional differences in activator and inhibitor signals alter hair cycle pace across mouse skin and produce unique fur renewal 'landscapes', with fastest renewal on the ventrum and slowest renewal on the ear pinnae.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Physics of Living Systems

    Physical limits of flow sensing in the left-right organizer

    Rita R Ferreira et al.
    Large-scale in vivo imaging of the zebrafish left-right organizer (Kupffer's vesicle) combined with fluid dynamics calculations allows to quantitatively test the possible flow detection mechanisms and supports the flow transport of chemical signals as the mechanism of side determination.

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