485 results found
    1. Developmental Biology

    Zfp281 is essential for mouse epiblast maturation through transcriptional and epigenetic control of Nodal signaling

    Xin Huang et al.
    Post-implantation epiblast maturation and patterning of anterior-posterior axis in mouse embryonic development are mediated by pluripotency transcription factor Zfp281 through transcriptional and epigenetic control of Nodal signaling.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Evolution of Segmentation: Sox enters the picture

    Felix Kaufholz, Natascha Turetzek
    The discovery of a gene that regulates two segmentation mechanisms in spider embryos is fueling the ongoing debate about the evolution of this crucial developmental process.
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    1. Developmental Biology

    Addressing the ethical issues raised by synthetic human entities with embryo-like features

    John Aach et al.
    Guidelines governing research into embryos need to be updated in a way that reflects the moral status of synthetic human entities generated using the methods of synthetic biology.
    1. Neuroscience

    Formation of retinal direction-selective circuitry initiated by starburst amacrine cell homotypic contact

    Thomas A Ray et al.
    Selective synapse formation in a retinal motion-sensitive circuit is orchestrated by starburst amacrine cells, which use homotypic interactions to initiate formation of a dendritic scaffold that recruits projections from circuit partners.
    1. Cell Biology

    Co-translational protein targeting facilitates centrosomal recruitment of PCNT during centrosome maturation in vertebrates

    Guadalupe Sepulveda et al.
    During centrosome maturation, pericentrin is delivered to the centrosome co-translationally by a microtubule- and dynein-dependent process, as pericentrin mRNA is undergoing active translation near the centrosome.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Tumor initiating cells induce Cxcr4-mediated infiltration of pro-tumoral macrophages into the brain

    Kelda Chia et al.
    Pre-neoplastic cells in the brain release SDF1, which mediates an immediate infiltration of macrophages that differentiate into microglia-like cells and promote proliferation of pre-neoplastic cells.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Directional selectivity of afferent neurons in zebrafish neuromasts is regulated by Emx2 in presynaptic hair cells

    Young Rae Ji et al.
    Emx2 mediates the directional selectivity of neuromasts by regulating hair bundle orientation in hair cells, and by selecting afferent neuronal targets.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Proteolytic processing of palmitoylated Hedgehog peptides specifies the 3-4 intervein region of the Drosophila wing

    Sabine Schürmann et al.
    Proteolysis of lipidated N-terminal peptides that tether Hedgehog morphogens to the surface of source cells is absolutely required for their coupled release and bioactivation in vivo in Drosophila melanogaster.
    1. Neuroscience

    Pedunculopontine glutamatergic neurons control spike patterning in substantia nigra dopaminergic neurons

    Daniel J Galtieri et al.
    Pedunculopontine neurons can evoke burst spiking in substantia nigra dopaminergic neurons without engaging a subtype of glutamate receptor previously thought to be necessary for this spiking mode.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Maternal Gdf3 is an obligatory cofactor in Nodal signaling for embryonic axis formation in zebrafish

    Brent W Bisgrove et al.
    Maternal Gdf3 and Nodal are interdependent obligatory cofactors in the fundamental patterning of the vertebrate embryonic axis of zebrafish.

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