225 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Stage-dependent remodeling of projections to motor cortex in ALS mouse model revealed by a new variant retrograde-AAV9

    Barbara Commisso et al.
    The projections from discrete areas to motor cortex increase over disease course in motoneuron disease model with selective spatial and temporal patterns.
    1. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Multiplexed genetic engineering of human hematopoietic stem and progenitor cells using CRISPR/Cas9 and AAV6

    Rasmus O Bak et al.
    The CRISPR/Cas9 system can be used with recombinant AAV6 donor delivery to facilitate simultaneous, targeted integration into multiple genetic loci in hematopoietic stem and progrenitor cells.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Therapeutic effects of telomerase in mice with pulmonary fibrosis induced by damage to the lungs and short telomeres

    Juan Manuel Povedano et al.
    Telomerase gene therapy represents a novel effective treatment for pulmonary fibrosis associated with short telomeres by improving pulmonary function, decreasing inflammation and accelerating fiber disappearance in fibrotic lungs.
    1. Human Biology and Medicine
    2. Neuroscience

    Rhodopsin targeted transcriptional silencing by DNA-binding

    Salvatore Botta et al.
    Photoreceptor genomic binding of a 20 base-pair-long DNA sequence by a synthetic DNA-binding protein turns off Rhodopsin expression.
    1. Neuroscience

    Formation of retinal direction-selective circuitry initiated by starburst amacrine cell homotypic contact

    Thomas A Ray et al.
    Selective synapse formation in a retinal motion-sensitive circuit is orchestrated by starburst amacrine cells, which use homotypic interactions to initiate formation of a dendritic scaffold that recruits projections from circuit partners.
    1. Neuroscience

    Efficient and accurate extraction of in vivo calcium signals from microendoscopic video data

    Pengcheng Zhou et al.
    A new open-source computational toolbox for processing in vivo microendoscopic calcium imaging data performs signal demixing and denoising much more accurately than previously available methods, significantly improving the utility of this imaging modality.
    1. Neuroscience

    Pauses in cholinergic interneuron firing exert an inhibitory control on striatal output in vivo

    Stefano Zucca et al.
    Optogenetics and in vivo recordings in mice reveal that pauses in cholinergic interneurons offer an alternative mechanism to inhibit subthreshold and suprathreshold events of spiny projection neurons.
    1. Neuroscience

    Pedunculopontine glutamatergic neurons control spike patterning in substantia nigra dopaminergic neurons

    Daniel J Galtieri et al.
    Pedunculopontine neurons can evoke burst spiking in substantia nigra dopaminergic neurons without engaging a subtype of glutamate receptor previously thought to be necessary for this spiking mode.
    1. Neuroscience

    Cortex-wide BOLD fMRI activity reflects locally-recorded slow oscillation-associated calcium waves

    Miriam Schwalm et al.
    Locally recorded calcium events related to slow wave activity show a global cortical fMRI BOLD correlate, establishing a direct relation between a basic neurophysiological signal and the macroscopic perspective of pre-clinical fMRI.

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