2,067 results found
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Regulation of RUVBL1-RUVBL2 AAA-ATPases by the nonsense-mediated mRNA decay factor DHX34, as evidenced by Cryo-EM

    Andres López-Perrote et al.
    Cryo-EM reveals the regulation of RUVBL1 and RUVBL2 AAA-ATPases by DHX34, a helicase involved in nonsense-mediated mRNA decay (NMD), and suggests mechanisms for how RUVBL1 and RUVBL2 function in NMD.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Structure of MlaFB uncovers novel mechanisms of ABC transporter regulation

    Ljuvica R Kolich et al.
    Structure of MlaFB reveals how a small binding protein and the C-terminal tail on an ATPase subunit work together to regulate the assembly and function of an ABC transporter.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Plant Biology

    An ABA-GA bistable switch can account for natural variation in the variability of Arabidopsis seed germination time

    Katie Abley et al.
    Arabidopsis shows extensive genetic diversity in germination time distributions, which can be explained by the underlying ABA/GA network functioning as a noisy bistable switch.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Gradient-reading and mechano-effector machinery for netrin-1-induced axon guidance

    Kentarou Baba et al.
    Shootin1a, through its spatially regulated phosphorylation within growth cones, mediates the gradient reading and mechanoresponse for netrin-1-induced axon guidance.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Cancer Biology

    Extracellular matrix signatures of human mammary carcinoma identify novel metastasis promoters

    Alexandra Naba et al.
    Many extracellular matrix proteins that are up-regulated during breast tumor progression enhance metastasis, and some are prognostic indicators of poor survival.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Conformational dynamics of the nucleotide binding domains and the power stroke of a heterodimeric ABC transporter

    Smriti Mishra et al.
    The conformational cycle of an ABC heterodimeric transporter reveals a divergence in the structural mechanism of ABC exporters.
    1. Neuroscience

    Midbrain dopamine neurons sustain inhibitory transmission using plasma membrane uptake of GABA, not synthesis

    Nicolas X Tritsch et al.
    The molecular mechanisms by which midbrain dopamine neurons acquire the inhibitory neurotransmitter GABA for synaptic release are revealed.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Interactions between a subset of substrate side chains and AAA+ motor pore loops determine grip during protein unfolding

    Tristan A Bell et al.
    The AAA+ protein unfolding motor ClpX grips substrates with the uppermost part of its substrate-binding pore, and requires interactions with hydrophobic amino acid side chains to operate with optimal efficiency.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Structure of a AAA+ unfoldase in the process of unfolding substrate

    Zev A Ripstein et al.
    The structure of a substrate-engaged AAA+ unfoldase suggests a model for processive unfolding that is supported by biochemical data.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Regulatory coiled-coil domains promote head-to-head assemblies of AAA+ chaperones essential for tunable activity control

    Marta Carroni et al.
    Head-to-head interactions of regulatory coiled-coil domains control activity of the central bacterial AAA+ protein ClpC by promoting formation of a reversible resting state.

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