3,572 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Release-dependent feedback inhibition by a presynaptically localized ligand-gated anion channel

    Seika Takayanagi-Kiya et al.
    An anion-selective ligand gated channel acts as a presynaptic auto-receptor to modulate vesicle release and neuronal excitation.
    1. Neuroscience

    Ventral pallidal encoding of reward-seeking behavior depends on the underlying associative structure

    Jocelyn M Richard et al.
    Reward-related cues elicit phasic changes in activity in ventral pallidum neurons, which predict and functionally contribute to the speed of behaviors trained on the basis of act-outcome, but not stimulus-outcome, contingencies.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Obligate coupling of CFTR pore opening to tight nucleotide-binding domain dimerization

    Csaba Mihályi et al.
    Coupling of CFTR pore opening to nucleotide binding domain dimerization does not depend on ATP binding, but is an inherent property of the channel protein and likely other ABC transporters.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Enzyme activity and selectivity filter stability of ancient TRPM2 channels were simultaneously lost in early vertebrates

    Iordan Iordanov et al.
    Invertebrate TRPM2 channels have stable pores but act as chanzymes that hydrolyze their activating ligand ADP ribose (ADPR), whereas vertebrate TRPM2 channels are catalytically dead but undergo pore inactivation.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Chemokines: The cell sets the tone

    Jonna Alanko, Michael Sixt
    In zebrafish larvae, it is the cell type that determines how the cell responds to a chemokine signal.
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    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Neuroscience

    Piezo Ion Channels: Portraits of a pressure sensor

    Alexander T Chesler, Marcin Szczot
    Near atomic-resolution structures have provided insights into the mechanisms by which the Piezo1 ion channel senses and responds to mechanical stimuli.
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    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    2018 Gairdner Awards: The past, present and future of light-gated ion channels and optogenetics

    Sheena A Josselyn
    Research into light-gated ion channels called channelrhodospins laid the foundations for the development of optogenetics, a technique that has gone on to revolutionize neuroscience.
    1. Neuroscience

    Sound Processing: A new role for zinc in the brain

    Brendan B McAllister, Richard H Dyck
    Certain neurons in the auditory cortex release zinc to influence how the brain processes sounds.
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    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Heredity: The gene family that cheats Mendel

    J Dylan Shropshire, Antonis Rokas
    Some alleles of the wtf gene family can increase their chances of spreading by using poisons to kill other alleles, and antidotes to save themselves.
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