4,374 results found
    1. Medicine

    Potential harmful effects of discontinuing ACE-inhibitors and ARBs in COVID-19 patients

    Gian Paolo Rossi et al.
    Current evidence does not suggest adverse effects of ACE inhibitors or ARBs in COVID-19 patients and, to the contrary, discontinuing these drugs in these patients may potentially be harmful.
    1. Neuroscience

    Excitatory neurons are more disinhibited than inhibitory neurons by chloride dysregulation in the spinal dorsal horn

    Kwan Yeop Lee et al.
    The flow of somatosensory information through the spinal dorsal horn is regulated by synaptic inhibition, which acts upon excitatory and inhibitory interneurons, but the former are especially prone to disinhibition.
    1. Neuroscience

    mTORC1 is necessary but mTORC2 and GSK3β are inhibitory for AKT3-induced axon regeneration in the central nervous system

    Linqing Miao et al.
    The kinase AKT acts as a nodal point that coordinates both positive and negative cues to regulate the regeneration of central nervous system axons in adult mice.
    1. Neuroscience

    Spontaneous and evoked neurotransmission are partially segregated at inhibitory synapses

    Patricia M Horvath et al.
    GABAergic postsynaptic responses mediated by spontaneous and evoked neurotransmitter release are partially segregated, suggesting they may serve distinct roles in neuronal signaling.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Heparan sulfates are critical regulators of the inhibitory megakaryocyte-platelet receptor G6b-B

    Timo Vögtle et al.
    Heparan sulfates in the vessel wall bind and regulate signaling from the megakaryocyte/platelet-specific inhibitory receptor G6b-B, a critical regulator of platelet homeostasis.
    1. Cell Biology

    Ceapins are a new class of unfolded protein response inhibitors, selectively targeting the ATF6α branch

    Ciara M Gallagher et al.
    Ceapins enable selective pharmacological inhibition of the cytoprotective transcriptional response to endoplasmic reticulum stress through ATF6α without affecting other branches of the unfolded protein response.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    HIV-1 integrase tetramers are the antiviral target of pyridine-based allosteric integrase inhibitors

    Pratibha C Koneru et al.
    Pyridine-based allosteric inhibitors selectively target HIV-1 integrase tetramers and exhibit enhanced antiviral activity against a dolutegravir resistant mutant virus indicating potential clinical benefits for combining these two classes of inhibitors.
    1. Neuroscience

    Experience shapes activity dynamics and stimulus coding of VIP inhibitory cells

    Marina Garrett et al.
    VIP inhibitory neurons are active in response to novel images but are suppressed by familiar stimuli and show ramping activity when expected stimuli are omitted.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    A multi-scale model for hair follicles reveals heterogeneous domains driving rapid spatiotemporal hair growth patterning

    Qixuan Wang et al.
    Regional differences in activator and inhibitor signals alter hair cycle pace across mouse skin and produce unique fur renewal 'landscapes', with fastest renewal on the ventrum and slowest renewal on the ear pinnae.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Speed and segmentation control mechanisms characterized in rhythmically-active circuits created from spinal neurons produced from genetically-tagged embryonic stem cells

    Matthew J Sternfeld et al.
    Stem cell derived ventral-spinal cord excitatory neurons self-assemble into a rhythmically bursting neural network whose speed and intercellular coordination are both instructively modulated by cell-type specific interactions with inhibitory neurons.

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