6,547 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    All-trans retinoic acid induces synaptic plasticity in human cortical neurons

    Maximilian Lenz et al.
    The vitamin A derivative, all-trans retinoic acid, induces protein-synthesis-dependent synaptic plasticity in the human brain.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Mitochondrial fatty acid synthesis coordinates oxidative metabolism in mammalian mitochondria

    Sara M Nowinski et al.
    Mitochondrial fatty acid synthesis is best known for producing lipoic acid, however, longer acyl chain products regulate mitochondrial electron transport chain assembly, oxidative TCA cycle metabolism, and skeletal myoblast differentiation.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Plant Biology

    FRET-based reporters for the direct visualization of abscisic acid concentration changes and distribution in Arabidopsis

    Rainer Waadt et al.
    Fluorescent sensors can track the movement and distribution of the plant hormone abscisic acid in roots and leaves in Arabidopsis.
    1. Cancer Biology

    Acid-base transporters and pH dynamics in human breast carcinomas predict proliferative activity, metastasis, and survival

    Nicolai J Toft et al.
    Cellular acidity, capacity for net acid extrusion, and expression of acid-base transporters in human breast carcinomas independently predict variation in proliferative activity, lymph node metastasis, and patient survival.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Canonical NF-κB signaling maintains corneal epithelial integrity and prevents corneal aging via retinoic acid

    Qian Yu et al.
    Corneal aging is regulated by the NF-κB-retinoic acid pathway and can be delayed by retinoic acid administration.
    1. Neuroscience
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    The His-Gly motif of acid-sensing ion channels resides in a reentrant ‘loop’ implicated in gating and ion selectivity

    Nate Yoder, Eric Gouaux
    The amino terminus of acid-sensing ion channel 1a forms a reentrant 'loop' that frames the lower pore and harbors a conserved 'His-Gly' motif implicated in gating and ion selectivity mechanisms.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Tarantula toxins use common surfaces for interacting with Kv and ASIC ion channels

    Kanchan Gupta et al.
    The tarantula toxins psalmotoxin and guangxitoxin have a similar concave surface for interacting with α-helices in voltage-gated and acid-sensing ion channels.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Conformational dynamics in TRPV1 channels reported by an encoded coumarin amino acid

    Ximena Steinberg et al.
    Single-molecule measurement of conformational dynamics using a genetically encoded fluorescent probe suggests that the selectivity filter region of TRPV1 channels undergoes dynamic motion during agonist activation.
    1. Neuroscience

    Acetic acid activates distinct taste pathways in Drosophila to elicit opposing, state-dependent feeding responses

    Anita V Devineni et al.
    A single taste input, acetic acid, elicits opposing behavioral outputs depending on a fly's hunger state.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Noise modulation in retinoic acid signaling sharpens segmental boundaries of gene expression in the embryonic zebrafish hindbrain

    Julian Sosnik et al.
    Direct measurements of retinoic acid using fluorescence lifetime imaging reveal a new role for cellular retinoic acid binding proteins in noise attenuation that is critical to sharpen hindbrain rhombomere boundaries.

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