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    1. Cell Biology

    A stress assembly that confers cell viability by preserving ERES components during amino-acid starvation

    Margarita Zacharogianni et al.
    Amino-acid starvation leads to the formation of a reversible stress assembly, the Sec body, which is a pro-survival reservoir for components of the ER exit sites.
    1. Neuroscience

    Cell-specific non-canonical amino acid labelling identifies changes in the de novo proteome during memory formation

    Harrison Tudor Evans et al.
    Quantitative de novo proteomics paired with in vivo cell-specific non-canonical amino acid labelling identified several spatial long-term memory-induced changes in protein synthesis in hippocampal neurons.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Structural insights into human acid-sensing ion channel 1a inhibition by snake toxin mambalgin1

    Demeng Sun et al.
    Mambalgin1 binds to the thumb domain of human ASIC1a channel and inhibits the channel through hindering the proton-induced transitions from the resting closed state to the active and/or desensitized state.
    1. Neuroscience

    CNS myelination and remyelination depend on fatty acid synthesis by oligodendrocytes

    Penelope Dimas et al.
    Endogenous synthesis of fatty acids by oligodendrocytes is essential for development and repair in the central nervous system.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Ascorbic acid supports ex vivo generation of plasmacytoid dendritic cells from circulating hematopoietic stem cells

    Anders Laustsen et al.
    Probing of various culture conditions leads to fundamental advances in ex vivo production of plasmacytoid dendritic cells for use in immunotherapy.
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    Single-amino acid variants reveal evolutionary processes that shape the biogeography of a global SAR11 subclade

    Tom O Delmont et al.
    An in-depth metagenomic analysis of possibly the most abundant and widespread microbial lineage in the surface ocean teases apart evolutionary processes that maintain its genomic heterogeneity and biogeography.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Anti-ferroptotic mechanism of IL4i1-mediated amino acid metabolism

    Leonie Zeitler et al.
    IL4i1 is an amino acid oxidase expressed in the mammalian immune system and snake venoms, which control diametrically opposite cell protection versus cell death pathways, respectively.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    The ribosomal P-stalk couples amino acid starvation to GCN2 activation in mammalian cells

    Heather P Harding et al.
    Genetic lesions that compromise the ribosome P-stalk implicate direct signalling from the ribosome to the translation initiation factor eIF2 kinase GCN2 in the cellular response to amino acid starvation.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Computational and Systems Biology

    Coevolution-based inference of amino acid interactions underlying protein function

    Victor H Salinas, Rama Ranganathan
    A deep mutational coupling study demonstrates the ability of sequence coevolution methods to reveal the pattern of amino acid interactions underlying protein function.
    1. Cell Biology

    Translation in amino-acid-poor environments is limited by tRNAGln charging

    Natalya N Pavlova et al.
    Amino acid limitation triggers preferential uncharging of glutamine-specific tRNAs and depletes polyglutamine tract-containing proteins from mammalian cells, revealing a potential role for polyglutamine tracts as sensors of glutamine sufficiency.