38 results found
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Activin A forms a non-signaling complex with ACVR1 and type II Activin/BMP receptors via its finger 2 tip loop

    Senem Aykul et al.
    The non-signaling complex formed by Activin A and ACVR1 is operant in vivo and is required to temper the degree of heterotopic ossification in the genetic disorder fibrodysplasia ossificans progressiva.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Fibrodysplasia ossificans progressiva mutant ACVR1 signals by multiple modalities in the developing zebrafish

    Robyn S Allen et al.
    The human Fibrodysplasia-Ossificans-Progressiva BMP-receptor mutant signals in zebrafish in the absence of ligand-binding, displays BMP ligand-responsive hyperactivity, neither requiring other type-I-BMP receptors, unlike wild-type, challenging views of the pathological mechanism.
    1. Cell Biology

    Control of brown adipose tissue adaptation to nutrient stress by the activin receptor ALK7

    Patricia Marmol et al.
    The activin receptor ALK7 regulates the adaptation of brown adipose tissue to nutrient availability by preventing over-activation of signaling pathways induced by fasting, allowing appropriate response to cold exposure.
    1. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Palovarotene reduces heterotopic ossification in juvenile FOP mice but exhibits pronounced skeletal toxicity

    John B Lees-Shepard et al.
    Daily palovarotene treatment reduces pathogenic expansion of fibro/adipogenic progenitors but results in long bone growth plate loss and overgrowths of synovial cartilage in juvenile mice.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    TGF-β uses a novel mode of receptor activation to phosphorylate SMAD1/5 and induce epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition

    Anassuya Ramachandran et al.
    SMAD1/5 signaling is essential for the full transforming growth factor β (TGF-β)-induced transcriptional program and physiological responses and is induced via a novel receptor activation mechanism, involving two distinct type I receptors.
    1. Neuroscience

    A big-data approach to understanding metabolic rate and response to obesity in laboratory mice

    June K Corrigan et al.
    The metabolic rate of mice is disproportionately affected by the site of experimentation, affecting the phenotypic interpretation of genetically modified strains.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Rapid adaptation to malaria facilitated by admixture in the human population of Cabo Verde

    Iman Hamid et al.
    Admixture-mediated adaptation to malaria in a human population demonstrates that detectible signatures in genomic patterns of ancestry can be leveraged to better characterize recent selection in populations with mixed ancestry.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Maternal Gdf3 is an obligatory cofactor in Nodal signaling for embryonic axis formation in zebrafish

    Brent W Bisgrove et al.
    Maternal Gdf3 and Nodal are interdependent obligatory cofactors in the fundamental patterning of the vertebrate embryonic axis of zebrafish.
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    Identification of an emphysema-associated genetic variant near TGFB2 with regulatory effects in lung fibroblasts

    Margaret M Parker et al.
    A functional genetic variant, rs1690789, affects susceptibility to emphysema by altering TGFB2 expression in human lung fibroblasts.

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