16 results found
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    TGF-β uses a novel mode of receptor activation to phosphorylate SMAD1/5 and induce epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition

    Anassuya Ramachandran et al.
    SMAD1/5 signaling is essential for the full transforming growth factor β (TGF-β)-induced transcriptional program and physiological responses and is induced via a novel receptor activation mechanism, involving two distinct type I receptors.
    1. Developmental Biology and Stem Cells

    Maternal Gdf3 is an obligatory cofactor in Nodal signaling for embryonic axis formation in zebrafish

    Brent W Bisgrove et al.
    Maternal Gdf3 and Nodal are interdependent obligatory cofactors in the fundamental patterning of the vertebrate embryonic axis of zebrafish.
    1. Plant Biology

    Pathogen effectors and plant immunity determine specialization of the blast fungus to rice subspecies

    Jingjing Liao et al.
    Specialized fungal pathogen populations infect rice varieties with contrasting immune systems co-cultivated in a traditional agro-system, indicating the relevance of crop diversity to restricting epidemics in the landscape.
    1. Genes and Chromosomes

    Distinct modes of SMAD2 chromatin binding and remodeling shape the transcriptional response to NODAL/Activin signaling

    Davide M Coda et al.
    NODAL/Activin-induced SMAD2 binding directly drives remodeling of both open and closed chromatin and does not directly correlate with temporal patterns of gene expression upon prolonged signaling.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Control of immune ligands by members of a cytomegalovirus gene expansion suppresses natural killer cell activation

    Ceri A Fielding et al.
    The human cytomegalovirus US12 gene family work co-operatively to degrade large numbers of immune ligands and prevent recognition by natural killer cells.
    1. Human Biology and Medicine

    Adipocyte ALK7 links nutrient overload to catecholamine resistance in obesity

    Tingqing Guo et al.
    The ALK7 receptor functions cell-autonomously and homeostatically in adult adipocytes to regulate catecholamine sensitivity in response to the diet.
    1. Developmental Biology and Stem Cells
    2. Neuroscience

    BMPs direct sensory interneuron identity in the developing spinal cord using signal-specific not morphogenic activities

    Madeline G Andrews et al.
    Members of the BMP family of growth factors act as a reiterative code of distinct activities to direct the identities of different classes of sensory neurons in the spinal cord.
    1. Developmental Biology and Stem Cells

    Oriented clonal cell dynamics enables accurate growth and shaping of vertebrate cartilage

    Marketa Kaucka et al.
    The clonal oriented cell dynamics enables directional expansion and accurate scaling of sheet-like or rod-like cartilaginous elements and uncouples the mechanisms of elongation from thickness or diameter control.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Developmental Biology and Stem Cells

    The ceramide synthase 2b gene mediates genomic sensing and regulation of sphingosine levels during zebrafish embryogenesis

    Karen Mendelson et al.
    Developing oocytes lacking Sphk2 sense high sphingosine levels and transcriptionally activate expression of the gene encoding Cers2b, to mediate a salvage pathway to reduce potentially toxic sphingosine.

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