886 results found
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    The Ndc80 complex bridges two Dam1 complex rings

    Jae ook Kim et al.
    The ability of the Ndc80 complex to bind two Dam1 complex rings is important for chromosome attachment, and the distance between the two rings is vital for supporting growth.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease
    2. Neuroscience

    The sheddase ADAM10 is a potent modulator of prion disease

    Hermann C Altmeppen et al.
    A lack of ADAM10-mediated shedding increases prion protein levels at the plasma membrane and promotes the generation of pathological prion proteins, which accelerates prion disease in mice.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Systematic substrate identification indicates a central role for the metalloprotease ADAM10 in axon targeting and synapse function

    Peer-Hendrik Kuhn et al.
    The metalloprotease ADAM10 modulates axon and synapse function by cleaving numerous synaptic and axonal membrane proteins in the central nervous system.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Dual control of pcdh8l/PCNS expression and function in Xenopus laevis neural crest cells by adam13/33 via the transcription factors tfap2α and arid3a

    Vikram Khedgikar et al.
    The regulation of tfap2α expression by adam13 is essential during cranial neural crest cell migration in Xenopus laevis.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    FRMD8 promotes inflammatory and growth factor signalling by stabilising the iRhom/ADAM17 sheddase complex

    Ulrike Künzel et al.
    The protein FRMD8 binds to iRhom and thereby stabilises the iRhom/ADAM17 complex, which is the primary trigger of inflammatory signalling.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    ADAM17-dependent signaling is required for oncogenic human papillomavirus entry platform assembly

    Snježana Mikuličić et al.
    ADAM17 is a key player in the non-canonical endocytosis pathway that is used by oncogenic papillomaviruses as it allows virus/receptor platform assembly by activation of the ERK1/2 signaling pathway.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Phosphorylation of iRhom2 at the plasma membrane controls mammalian TACE-dependent inflammatory and growth factor signalling

    Adam Graham Grieve et al.
    The iRhom2 protein, a catalytically inactive relative of rhomboid proteases, controls inflammation and growth factor signalling by acting as an essential multifunctional regulatory subunit of the cell surface shedding protease TACE (ADAM17).
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Ribonuclease L mediates the cell-lethal phenotype of double-stranded RNA editing enzyme ADAR1 deficiency in a human cell line

    Yize Li et al.
    Endogenous double-stranded RNA is generated in human cells and leads to RNase L activation and consequent cell death unless neutralized by adenosine deaminase acting on RNA1 (ADAR1).
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Transcription factor clusters regulate genes in eukaryotic cells

    Adam JM Wollman et al.
    Transcription factors form clusters independently of the presence of DNA, which regulate target genes as opposed to individual monomers, addressing a longstanding question of how transcription factors can find gene targets so quickly.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    iTAP, a novel iRhom interactor, controls TNF secretion by policing the stability of iRhom/TACE

    Ioanna Oikonomidi et al.
    Secretion of the inflammatory cytokine TNF requires a protein called iTAP/FrmD8, which controls the cell surface stability of the TNF shedding machinery, iRhom2 and TACE/ADAM17.

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