2,668 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Inhibiting poly(ADP-ribosylation) improves axon regeneration

    Alexandra B Byrne et al.
    In C. elegans and mouse neurons, the balance between poly(ADP-ribose) glycohydrolases and poly(ADP-ribose) polymerases regulates axon regeneration downstream of DLK-1/MAPKKK signaling.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase 1 searches DNA via a ‘monkey bar’ mechanism

    Johannes Rudolph et al.
    By moving between DNA segments like a child swinging on monkey bars, poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase 1 explores possible DNA damage sites more effectively.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    NAD+ enhances ribitol and ribose rescue of α-dystroglycan functional glycosylation in human FKRP-mutant myotubes

    Carolina Ortiz-Cordero et al.
    The combined use of NAD+ with ribitol or ribose potentiates the rescue of α-dystroglycan functional glycosylation in FKRP-mutant patient-specific iPSC-derived myotubes, representing potential novel treatments for FKRP muscular dystrophies.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Enzyme activity and selectivity filter stability of ancient TRPM2 channels were simultaneously lost in early vertebrates

    Iordan Iordanov et al.
    Invertebrate TRPM2 channels have stable pores but act as chanzymes that hydrolyze their activating ligand ADP ribose (ADPR), whereas vertebrate TRPM2 channels are catalytically dead but undergo pore inactivation.
    1. Cancer Biology

    Exosome component 1 cleaves single-stranded DNA and sensitizes human kidney renal clear cell carcinoma cells to poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase inhibitor

    Qiaoling Liu et al.
    EXOSC1 acts as an endogenous source of mutation inkidney renalclear cell carcinoma via cleaving single-stranded DNA.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    The proposed channel-enzyme transient receptor potential melastatin 2 does not possess ADP ribose hydrolase activity

    Iordan Iordanov et al.
    TRPM2 is simply a ligand gated channel and does not to possess enzymatic activity, even though it shows sequence similarity to Nudix hydrolases.
    1. Cancer Biology

    Sam68/KHDRBS1 is critical for colon tumorigenesis by regulating genotoxic stress-induced NF-κB activation

    Kai Fu et al.
    The nuclear protein Sam68 plays a role in the genotoxic stress-initiated "nuclear to cytoplasmic" activation of NF-κB and is involved in the development and survival of colon cancer.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Ensemble cryo-EM uncovers inchworm-like translocation of a viral IRES through the ribosome

    Priyanka D Abeyrathne et al.
    An ensemble of cryo-EM structures reveals how eukaryotic elongation factor 2 positions the first codon of a viral mRNA for translation.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Post-translational Modifications: Reversing ADP-ribosylation

    Giuliana Katharina Moeller, Gyula Timinszky
    Interactions between serines and molecules of ADP-ribose play an important role in signaling that the DNA in a cell has been damaged and needs to be repaired.
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    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Structure and dynamics of the chromatin remodeler ALC1 bound to a PARylated nucleosome

    Luka Bacic et al.
    Analysis of conformational heterogeneity in cryo-EM data by a recently developed deep learning method reveals the structure and dynamics of the oncogenic chromatin remodeler ALC1 bound to a poly-ADP-ribosylated nucleosome.

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