48 results found
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Neuroscience

    Co-expression of xenopsin and rhabdomeric opsin in photoreceptors bearing microvilli and cilia

    Oliver Vöcking et al.
    The recently characterized opsin group of xenopsins is likely a major player in animal eye evolution and may have been present in an ancient, highly plastic eye photoreceptor cell type.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    A G-protein activation cascade from Arl13B to Arl3 and implications for ciliary targeting of lipidated proteins

    Katja Gotthardt et al.
    The ciliary G-protein Arl13B – which is often mutated in Joubert syndrome – is the Guanine nucleotide exchange factor for the G-protein Arl3 and exclusively localizes to cilia.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Plant Biology

    Mechanistic insight into a peptide hormone signaling complex mediating floral organ abscission

    Julia Santiago et al.
    A plant peptide hormone controls organ shedding by acting as molecular glue that promotes the interaction between two membrane receptor kinases.
    1. Plant Biology

    The manifold actions of signaling peptides on subcellular dynamics of a receptor specify stomatal cell fate

    Xingyun Qi et al.
    A binary cell fate decision to be or not to be stomata is regulated by multiple peptide ligands, each triggering a unique subcellular dynamics of their shared receptor.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Extraction of active RhoGTPases by RhoGDI regulates spatiotemporal patterning of RhoGTPases

    Adriana E Golding et al.
    Through visualization of directly-labeled RhoGTPase both in vitro and in vivo, RhoGDI is found to spatiotemporally regulate RhoGTPase activity through the extraction of active RhoGTPase.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Plant Biology

    Coordination of tissue cell polarity by auxin transport and signaling

    Carla Verna et al.
    GNOM controls both auxin transport and auxin signaling to coordinate tissue cell polarity during vein patterning in plants.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Cell Biology

    9Å structure of the COPI coat reveals that the Arf1 GTPase occupies two contrasting molecular environments

    Svetlana O Dodonova et al.
    A molecular model of the assembled COPI coat, determined by cryo-electron tomography of an in vitro reconstituted budding reaction, reveals details of interactions mediating coat assembly and shows the binding site of ArfGAP2.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Ensemble cryo-EM uncovers inchworm-like translocation of a viral IRES through the ribosome

    Priyanka D Abeyrathne et al.
    An ensemble of cryo-EM structures reveals how eukaryotic elongation factor 2 positions the first codon of a viral mRNA for translation.
    1. Neuroscience

    NPTX2 and cognitive dysfunction in Alzheimer’s Disease

    Mei-Fang Xiao et al.
    Dysfunction of pyramidal neuron-PV interneuron circuits contributes to cognitive failure in Alzheimer's disease.
    1. Cell Biology

    The transcription factors TFE3 and TFEB amplify p53 dependent transcriptional programs in response to DNA damage

    Owen A Brady et al.
    Disruption of TFEB and TFE3 results in diminished p53 signaling capacity and altered cell cycle regulation under genotoxic stress conditions.

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