712 results found
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Neuroscience

    Molecular structure of human KATP in complex with ATP and ADP

    Kenneth Pak Kin Lee et al.
    MgADP binding to the high-affinity 'consensus' ATPase active site of SUR1 and remodeling of the L0-loop (lasso region) overrides tonic ATP inhibition of KATP channels.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Molecular and topological reorganizations in mitochondrial architecture interplay during Bax-mediated steps of apoptosis

    Nicholas R Ader et al.
    Correlative microscopy and electron cryo-tomography on apoptotic HeLa cells reveal remodeling of outer and inner mitochondrial membranes, Bax cluster ultrastructure and ATP synthase reorganization in ruptured mitochondria.
    1. Neuroscience

    Inhibiting poly(ADP-ribosylation) improves axon regeneration

    Alexandra B Byrne et al.
    In C. elegans and mouse neurons, the balance between poly(ADP-ribose) glycohydrolases and poly(ADP-ribose) polymerases regulates axon regeneration downstream of DLK-1/MAPKKK signaling.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Serine ADP-ribosylation reversal by the hydrolase ARH3

    Pietro Fontana et al.
    ARH3 is an enzyme that hydrolyses serine ADP-ribosylation, a recently uncovered post-translational protein modification.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Conserved mechanisms of microtubule-stimulated ADP release, ATP binding, and force generation in transport kinesins

    Joseph Atherton et al.
    Cryo-electron microscopy reconstructions of two microtubule-bound transport kinesins at 7 Å resolution reveal how microtubule track binding stimulates ADP release, primes the active site for ATP binding and enables force generation.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Neuroscience

    Investigation of Drosophila fruitless neurons that express Dpr/DIP cell adhesion molecules

    Savannah G Brovero et al.
    Analyses of fru P1 neurons that express dpr/DIP genes reveal roles for subsets of neurons in courtship, and the roles of Dpr/DIPs and the sex hierarchy in neuroanatomical sexual dimorphism.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Serine is the major residue for ADP-ribosylation upon DNA damage

    Luca Palazzo et al.
    Serine residues in proteins are the primary targets for PARP-dependent ADP-ribosylation signalling upon DNA damage.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    The C. elegans neural editome reveals an ADAR target mRNA required for proper chemotaxis

    Sarah N Deffit et al.
    Identification of tissue-specific RNA editing using a robust, publicly-available platform (SAILOR) reveals noncoding A-to-I editing events required for proper gene expression and neurological function, significantly advancing the understanding of how ADARs function in neural cells.
    1. Neuroscience

    The dynamic interplay between ATP/ADP levels and autophagy sustain neuronal migration in vivo

    Cedric Bressan et al.
    Imaging of energy status and autophagy during neuronal migration revealed that ATP/ADP levels dynamically change during the migratory and stationary phases and that ATP reduction induces autophagy to maintain migration.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    The proposed channel-enzyme transient receptor potential melastatin 2 does not possess ADP ribose hydrolase activity

    Iordan Iordanov et al.
    TRPM2 is simply a ligand gated channel and does not to possess enzymatic activity, even though it shows sequence similarity to Nudix hydrolases.

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