104 results found
    1. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Functional genomic characterization of neoblast-like stem cells in larval Schistosoma mansoni

    Bo Wang et al.
    Cells that give rise to the infectious form of parasitic flatworms called schistosomes show similar patterns of gene expression to stem cells in free-living flatworms.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    A component of the mir-17-92 polycistronic oncomir promotes oncogene-dependent apoptosis

    Virginie Olive et al.
    While intact mir-17-92 acts as a potent oncogene in a mouse model of Burkitt’s lymphoma, one of the six mir-17-92 components antagonizes its oncogenic cooperation with c-Myc by promoting c-Myc-induced apoptosis.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Shugoshin biases chromosomes for biorientation through condensin recruitment to the pericentromere

    Kitty F Verzijlbergen et al.
    Shugoshin proteins help to align chromosomes so that copies of the same chromosome attach to microtubules from opposite poles during cell division.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    tRNA synthetase counteracts c-Myc to develop functional vasculature

    Yi Shi et al.
    In addition to its cytoplasmic role for translation, the seryl-tRNA synthetase also antagonizes the c-Myc transcription factor in the nucleus to transcriptionally repress the growth factor VEGFA and ensure proper development of the vasculature in vertebrates.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    A single vertebrate DNA virus protein disarms invertebrate immunity to RNA virus infection

    Don B Gammon et al.
    Novel virus-host systems yield insights into how Lepidopterans (moths and butterflies) combat RNA virus infection and reveal that poxvirus A51R proteins can suppress the host's immune system and stabilize microtubules in host cells.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    MicroRNA-mediated repression of nonsense mRNAs

    Ya Zhao et al.
    microRNAs can serve as a surveillance system to repress nonsense mRNAs by recognizing miRNA-responsive elements in the open reading frame region downstream of the premature termination codon.
    1. Neuroscience

    MicroRNA-9 controls dendritic development by targeting REST

    Sebastian A Giusti et al.
    Conditional transgenic miR-9 sponge mice exhibit developmental defects in dendrite growth due to up-regulation of the transcriptional repressor REST.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Structural basis of diverse membrane target recognitions by ankyrins

    Chao Wang et al.
    The 24 ankyrin repeats of ankyrin proteins form an extended solenoid that provides an extremely conserved groove for binding to numerous targets via combinatorial usage of multiple weak interaction sites.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease
    2. Plant Biology

    Viral-inducible Argonaute18 confers broad-spectrum virus resistance in rice by sequestering a host microRNA

    Jianguo Wu et al.
    The cooperative antiviral activity of two distinct AGO proteins could be exploited to provide a new strategy for controlling viral diseases in rice.
    1. Cancer Biology

    KRAS-dependent sorting of miRNA to exosomes

    Diana J Cha et al.
    In isogenically matched colorectal cancer (CRC) cell lines, mutant KRAS alters the composition of secreted miRNAs in extracellular vesicles that can then transfer repressive activity to wild type cells.

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