103 results found
    1. Cell Biology

    circPTPN12/miR-21–5 p/∆Np63α pathway contributes to human endometrial fibrosis

    Minmin Song et al.
    Upregulation of circPTPN12 in endometrial epithelial cells (EECs) of fibrotic endometrium sponged miR-21–5 p and resulted in upregulation of its target gene, ΔNp63α, which induced transition of EECs to mesenchymal cells.
    1. Cell Biology

    Multiplexed mRNA assembly into ribonucleoprotein particles plays an operon-like role in the control of yeast cell physiology

    Rohini R Nair et al.
    Prokaryotes use polycistronic messages for coordinated translation, whereas eukaryotic cells may achieve tunable protein synthesis by packaging monocistronic mRNAs into functional multiplexes via co-transcriptional interallelic coupling and non-canonical histone-H4 functions.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Transient kinetic studies of the antiviral Drosophila Dicer-2 reveal roles of ATP in self–nonself discrimination

    Raushan K Singh et al.
    A real-time, stopped-flow method, in combination with protein-induced fluorescence enhancement, Förster resonance energy transfer, and time-resolved fluorescence spectroscopy, reveals a kinetic framework for understanding Dicer as a complex molecular motor.
    1. Plant Biology

    Uncovering a novel function of the CCR4-NOT complex in phytochrome A-mediated light signalling in plants

    Philipp Schwenk et al.
    The light-activated plant photoreceptor phytochrome A binds to NOT9B to displace it from the CCR4-NOT complex, thereby de-repressing light signalling.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Repressing Ago2 mRNA translation by Trim71 maintains pluripotency through inhibiting let-7 microRNAs

    Qiuying Liu et al.
    Repressing the conserved pro-differentiation let-7 microRNAs through limiting Ago2 levels is critical to maintaining pluripotency in stem cells.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Identification of host proteins differentially associated with HIV-1 RNA splice variants

    Rachel Knoener et al.
    The distinct protein-RNA interactomes of HIV-1 RNA splice forms are revealed using a powerful multiplex strategy for RNA capture and mass spectrometric analysis.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Ral GTPases promote breast cancer metastasis by controlling biogenesis and organ targeting of exosomes

    Shima Ghoroghi et al.
    A combination of animal models reveal how the molecular mechanisms of exosome secretion (RalA/B-dependent) are linked to their cargo content and their function in breast cancer pre-metastatic niche formation.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Genome streamlining in a minute herbivore that manipulates its host plant

    Robert Greenhalgh et al.
    The genome of a tiny tomato pest reveals mechanisms that underlie metazoan genome reduction.
    1. Medicine

    The tricuspid valve also maladapts as shown in sheep with biventricular heart failure

    William D Meador et al.
    Demonstrating the tricuspid valve maladapts is critical, and understanding its regurgitation may aid in developing better treatment strategies.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Identification of protein-protected mRNA fragments and structured excised intron RNAs in human plasma by TGIRT-seq peak calling

    Jun Yao et al.
    Human plasma contains protein-protected mRNA fragments, myriad repeat RNAs, and novel intron RNAs, including a family of structured full-length excised introns, some corresponding to mirtron pre-miRNAs and agotrons.

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