5,639 results found
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    The preRC protein ORCA organizes heterochromatin by assembling histone H3 lysine 9 methyltransferases on chromatin

    Sumanprava Giri et al.
    Origin recognition complex-associated (ORCA) is crucial for the stability of the Histone H3 lysine 9 methyltransferase megacomplex, which is essential for heterochromatin organization.
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    Palaeogenomes of Eurasian straight-tusked elephants challenge the current view of elephant evolution

    Matthias Meyer et al.
    DNA sequences from the Middle Pleistocene reveal that the extinct Eurasian straight-tusked elephants were closely related to today's African forest elephants (Loxodonta cyclotis) in Africa.
    1. Ecology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Evolution of thorax architecture in ant castes highlights trade-off between flight and ground behaviors

    Roberto A Keller et al.
    Body shape and behavioural specializations found across the castes of ant species evolved together and reflect different abilities for ground behaviors.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Akt-mTORC1 signaling regulates Acly to integrate metabolic input to control of macrophage activation

    Anthony J Covarrubias et al.
    Interleukin 4 signaling co-opts the Akt-mTORC1-Acly pathway to couple metabolic input to the control of energetically demanding processes during macrophage M2 activation.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    PI3K/Akt1 signalling specifies foregut precursors by generating regionalized extra-cellular matrix

    S Nahuel Villegas et al.
    A signalling cascade involving PI3K/Akt1 remodels the extra-cellular matrix to achieve atypical cellular responses and control cell fate specification within the embryonic endoderm.
    1. Cell Biology

    Cavin-3 dictates the balance between ERK and Akt signaling

    Victor J Hernandez et al.
    Cavin-3 is a tumor suppressor protein that inhibits Akt signaling, suppresses Warburg metabolism, promotes apoptosis, and protects against cachexia.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Transcription factor MITF and remodeller BRG1 define chromatin organisation at regulatory elements in melanoma cells

    Patrick Laurette et al.
    The PBAF chromatin-remodelling complex is essential for the proliferation of melanocytes and melanoma cells and is recruited to critical regulatory elements by physical and functional interactions with MITF, a transcription factor and master regulator of melanoma.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Protein sequences bound to mineral surfaces persist into deep time

    Beatrice Demarchi et al.
    A chemically unstable ostrich eggshell peptide survives for at least 3.8 million years at the equator, stabilized by strong mineral interactions.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Importin-9 wraps around the H2A-H2B core to act as nuclear importer and histone chaperone

    Abhilash Padavannil et al.
    In an unusual complex that is not dissociated by RanGTP alone, Importin-9 sequesters the H2A-H2B core from promiscuous interactions.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Cross-talk between PRMT1-mediated methylation and ubiquitylation on RBM15 controls RNA splicing

    Li Zhang et al.
    Inhibiting PRMT1 enzymatic activity promotes megakaryocyte terminal differentiation via RBM15-mediated RNA metabolism, which is dysregulated in hematological malignancies.

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