36 results found
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Neural retina-specific Aldh1a1 controls dorsal choroidal vascular development via Sox9 expression in retinal pigment epithelial cells

    So Goto et al.
    Neural retina-derived retinoic acids synthesized by Aldh1a1 control choroidal vascular development by regulating RPE-secreted VEGF.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Sam68 promotes self-renewal and glycolytic metabolism in mouse neural progenitor cells by modulating Aldh1a3 pre-mRNA 3'-end processing

    Piergiorgio La Rosa et al.
    The RNA binding protein Sam68 links a key metabolic route to the neural stem cell fate in the developing mouse brain.
    1. Cancer Biology

    NFATc2 enhances tumor-initiating phenotypes through the NFATc2/SOX2/ALDH axis in lung adenocarcinoma

    Zhi-Jie Xiao et al.
    NFATc2 maintains the drug-induced TIC phenotypes through trans-activating SOX2/ALDH1A1 expression and scavenging stress from ROS.
    1. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Polycomb enables primitive endoderm lineage priming in embryonic stem cells

    Robert S Illingworth et al.
    Polycomb enables lineage priming in mouse embryonic stem cells by establishing a barrier to commitment.
    1. Neuroscience

    Layer 2/3 pyramidal cells in the medial prefrontal cortex moderate stress induced depressive behaviors

    Prerana Shrestha et al.
    The well-established link between stress and depression could be due to the activity of a population of cells in prefrontal cortex that express a gene mutated in the rare disorder Wolfram syndrome.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Astrocytes refine cortical connectivity at dendritic spines

    W Christopher Risher et al.
    Spines with multiple excitatory contacts are potential sites for competition between thalamic and cortical axons, which is regulated by the astrocytes through the secreted synaptogenic protein hevin.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Neuroscience

    Activation of GCN2 kinase by ribosome stalling links translation elongation with translation initiation

    Ryuta Ishimura et al.
    Activation of the integrated stress response by stalled translation elongation complexes attenuates neurodegeneration, and demonstrates a protective link between a decrease in the rate of translation initiation and defects in translation elongation.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    A long non-coding RNA targets microRNA miR-34a to regulate colon cancer stem cell asymmetric division

    Lihua Wang et al.
    A novel long non-coding RNA targets microRNA miR-34a for epigenetic silencing and initiates asymmetric division of colon cancer stem cells.
    1. Cell Biology

    Intact protein folding in the glutathione-depleted endoplasmic reticulum implicates alternative protein thiol reductants

    Satoshi Tsunoda et al.
    Adapting a cytosolic enzyme that breaks down glutathione to function in the lumen of the endoplasmic reticulum challenges the long-held view that reduced glutathione fuels disulfide rearrangements during protein folding.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Metabolic network rewiring of propionate flux compensates vitamin B12 deficiency in C. elegans

    Emma Watson et al.
    The roundworm C. elegans transcriptionally activates five genes comprising an alternate propionate breakdown pathway when dietary vitamin B12 is low or when the canonical pathway is compromised.

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