193 results found
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    Polygenic Scores: It is time to get real when trying to predict educational performance

    Cecile Janssens
    A study of 3,500 children in the UK shows that data on socioeconomic background and previous educational achievements can better predict how students will perform at school than genetic data.
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    1. Genetics and Genomics

    Can education be personalised using pupils’ genetic data?

    Tim T Morris et al.
    Current polygenic scores for education do not provide accurate predictions of educational achievement above other data or at the individual level.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Collagen-rich omentum is a premetastatic niche for integrin α2-mediated peritoneal metastasis

    Yen-Lin Huang et al.
    Inhibition of ITGA2-mediated cancer cell-collagen interaction or targeting focal adhesion kinase activity may present an opportunity for therapeutic intervention of metastatic spread in ovarian cancer.
  1. Meta-Research: Questionable research practices may have little effect on replicability

    Rolf Ulrich, Jeff Miller
    Although questionable research practices inflate false positive rates, they have little effect on replicability because they also increase power.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Meta-Research: Task specialization across research careers

    Nicolas Robinson-Garcia et al.
    An analysis of author contribution statements in a large number of published papers reveals biases in the career trajectories of scientists.
    1. Cancer Biology

    The identification of dual protective agents against cisplatin-induced oto- and nephrotoxicity using the zebrafish model

    Jaime N Wertman et al.
    L-mimosine and dopamine protect against cisplatin-induced oto- and nephrotoxicity in zebrafish and human cell line models.
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    A regulatory pathway that selectively up-regulates elongasome function in the absence of class A PBPs

    Yesha Patel et al.
    Balanced peptidoglycan synthesis requires regulators, including sigma-I and WalKR, that coordinate the diffusive action of class A PBPs and the directional motion of the MreB-directed elongasome.
    1. Physics of Living Systems

    A mechanism for hunchback promoters to readout morphogenetic positional information in less than a minute

    Jonathan Desponds et al.
    Maternal positional information in the fly embryo can be read rapidly in spite of the gene-expression bottleneck and general examples of regulatory architectures that combine speed and accuracy are provided.
    1. Neuroscience

    Efficient sampling and noisy decisions

    Joseph A Heng et al.
    An efficient coding theory for higher-level cognitive processes reveals that humans efficiently adapt to contextual distributions by economizing on environmental prior information.
    1. Neuroscience

    Rapid computations of spectrotemporal prediction error support perception of degraded speech

    Ediz Sohoglu, Matthew H Davis
    Analysis of speech acoustics and human brain activity reveals the neural computations by which listeners combine speech input with prior expectations.

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