23 results found
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Evolution: ANP32B, or not to be, that is the question for influenza virus

    Steven F Baker, Andrew Mehle
    The evolutionary history of ANP32 proteins impacts how the influenza virus jumps from birds to mammals.
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    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Species specific differences in use of ANP32 proteins by influenza A virus

    Jason S Long et al.
    Chicken ANP32A, and not chicken ANP32B, supports influenza polymerase activity and thus editing of this single gene may generate chickens that are resilient to influenza virus infection.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    pp32 and APRIL are host cell-derived regulators of influenza virus RNA synthesis from cRNA

    Kenji Sugiyama et al.
    The host-derived factors, pp32 and APRIL, interact with influenza viral RNA polymerase to support viral genomic RNA synthesis from complementary RNA.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Science Forum: Viral factors in influenza pandemic risk assessment

    Marc Lipsitch et al.
    We identify key strengths and limitations in use of viral genotyping and phenotyping to estimate pandemic risk from influenza A viruses, focusing on 3 traits, hemagglutinin binding specificity, hemagglutinin pH of activation, and polymerase complex efficiency.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Integrated analysis of H2A.Z isoforms function reveals a complex interplay in gene regulation

    Assala Lamaa et al.
    The two H2A.Z isoforms have specific interactors which mediate their differential effects on gene expression.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology

    Determination of ubiquitin fitness landscapes under different chemical stresses in a classroom setting

    David Mavor et al.
    Chemical perturbation-dependent deep mutational scanning data collected by a lab-based interdisciplinary graduate class resolves a paradox between the high evolution conservation and the high mutational tolerance of the protein ubiquitin.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Cell Biology

    Structures of TorsinA and its disease-mutant complexed with an activator reveal the molecular basis for primary dystonia

    F Esra Demircioglu et al.
    High resolution structures of the essential human AAA+ ATPase TorsinA and its disease mutant in complex with an activator reveal details of the interaction that will guide drug design and further functional characterization.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Human Biology and Medicine

    CHARGE syndrome modeling using patient-iPSCs reveals defective migration of neural crest cells harboring CHD7 mutations

    Hironobu Okuno et al.
    Neural crest cells differentiated from patient-derived cells with mutations in the chromatin remodeler CHD7 show defective delamination, migration and motility in vitro, and defective migration in chick embryos.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Predominance of cis-regulatory changes in parallel expression divergence of sticklebacks

    Jukka-Pekka Verta, Felicity C Jones
    Cis-regulation such as enhancers and promoters plays a major role in parallel gene expression divergence and has features that make it a well-poised substrate for adaptive evolution.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Neuropilin-1 functions as a VEGFR2 co-receptor to guide developmental angiogenesis independent of ligand binding

    Maria V Gelfand et al.
    Interactions between Neuropilin-1 and VEGFR2, rather than VEGF-Neuropilin-1 binding, underlie Neuropilin-1's critical function in VEGF-mediated vascular development.

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