1,472 results found
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Structural basis of HIV-1 Vpu-mediated BST2 antagonism via hijacking of the clathrin adaptor protein complex 1

    Xiaofei Jia et al.
    HIV-1 viral protein u (Vpu) can stimulate novel versions of canonical interactions with the clathrin adaptor AP1 to counteract the host antiviral protein BST2.
    1. Neuroscience

    Relationship between simultaneously recorded spiking activity and fluorescence signal in GCaMP6 transgenic mice

    Lawrence Huang et al.
    Simultaneous calcium imaging and cell-attached recording in GCaMP6 transgenic mice in vivo reveals spiking-fluorescence relationship that supports more refined inference of neuronal activities from calcium imaging data.
    1. Neuroscience

    Silent synapses generate sparse and orthogonal action potential firing in adult-born hippocampal granule cells

    Liyi Li et al.
    Young neurons of the adult hippocampus are synaptically activated by a small group of non-overlapping afferent excitatory fibers, due to high synaptic gain and sparse connectivity, important for sparse and orthogonal coding during hippocampal information processing.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Structural and mutational analysis of the ribosome-arresting human XBP1u

    Vivekanandan Shanmuganathan et al.
    Two integrated approaches shed light on how XBP1 arrest peptide induces intermediate level of translational pausing and identify hotspot positions to make it stronger.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Computational and Systems Biology

    Development, calibration, and validation of a novel human ventricular myocyte model in health, disease, and drug block

    Jakub Tomek et al.
    A computer model of human cardiomyocyte was produced and validated on independent datasets, overcoming shortcomings of its predecessors, also yielding broadly relevant insights and results on major ionic currents.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Extensive site-directed mutagenesis reveals interconnected functional units in the alkaline phosphatase active site

    Fanny Sunden et al.
    Conventional studies have focused on enzymatic residues directly involved in catalysis; dissecting a potential interaction network within which these ‘catalytic residues’ are embedded provides insights fundamental to enzyme function, evolution, and engineering.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Physics of Living Systems

    Cell lineage-dependent chiral actomyosin flows drive cellular rearrangements in early Caenorhabditis elegans development

    Lokesh G Pimpale et al.
    Developmentally controlled chiral counter-rotating actomyosin flows drive cell-lineage spindle skews and cell rearrangements during cytokinesis in early nematode development.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    T2N as a new tool for robust electrophysiological modeling demonstrated for mature and adult-born dentate granule cells

    Marcel Beining et al.
    T2N, a novel interface between Matlab, TREES toolbox and NEURON, was used to generate compartmental models that reproduce the electrophysiology of dentate granule cells over a multitude of species, experimental conditions and developmental stages.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Structures of diverse poxin cGAMP nucleases reveal a widespread role for cGAS-STING evasion in host–pathogen conflict

    James B Eaglesham et al.
    Poxin enzymes are a diverse family of insect and viral 2′3′-cGAMP nucleases, which evolved from self-cleaving RNA virus accessory proteases.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    A nanobody-based molecular toolkit provides new mechanistic insight into clathrin-coat initiation

    Linton M Traub
    New intracellularly-expressed llama anti-EPS15 nanobodies reveal that pioneer clathrin-coat components function upstream of AP-2 clathrin adaptor deposition at the plasma membrane.

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