616 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Local projections of layer Vb-to-Va are more prominent in lateral than in medial entorhinal cortex

    Shinya Ohara et al.
    The connection from layer Vb-to-Va neurons, a key component of the canonical hippocampal-cortical output circuit, which is allegedly crucial for memory consolidation, is relatively stronger in lateral entorhinal cortex compared with the medial entorhinal cortex, thus suggesting different operating principles.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Cerebrospinal fluid proteome maps detect pathogen-specific host response patterns in meningitis

    Anahita Bakochi et al.
    Statistical analysis and LASSO regression modeling provide insights into pathogen-specific host response patterns in cerebrospinal fluid from different disease etiologies to support future classification of pathogen type based on host response patterns in meningitis.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Systematic functional analysis of rab GTPases reveals limits of neuronal robustness to environmental challenges in flies

    Friederike E Kohrs et al.
    The first complete null mutant collection of all rab GTPase genes in a multicellular organism uncovers neuronal development and function sensitive to environmental challenges in Drosophila.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Selenium supplementation inhibits IGF-1 signaling and confers methionine restriction-like healthspan benefits to mice

    Jason D Plummer et al.
    Dietary selenium supplementation confers to mice all of the short-term healthspan benefits of the longevity-promoting intervention methionine restriction, and thus may represent a method to promote healthy aging in mammals.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Dynamic Na+/H+ exchanger 1 (NHE1) – calmodulin complexes of varying stoichiometry and structure regulate Ca2+-dependent NHE1 activation

    Lise M Sjøgaard-Frich et al.
    NHE1-CaM complexes of multiple stoichiometries regulate cellular Ca2+-dependent NHE1 activity and can contribute to NHE1 dimerization, the latter shown by the NMR structure of CaM linking two NHE1 cytosolic tails.
    1. Plant Biology

    Uncovering a novel function of the CCR4-NOT complex in phytochrome A-mediated light signalling in plants

    Philipp Schwenk et al.
    The light-activated plant photoreceptor phytochrome A binds to NOT9B to displace it from the CCR4-NOT complex, thereby de-repressing light signalling.
    1. Neuroscience
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Architecture and structural dynamics of the heteromeric GluK2/K5 kainate receptor

    Nandish Khanra et al.
    Structures of the GluK2/K5 kainate receptor reveal the heteromer architecture and how the receptor organizes in apo, antagonist-bound, and desensitized states.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Evidence for additive and synergistic action of mammalian enhancers during cell fate determination

    Jinmi Choi et al.
    Temporal changes in genome-wide enhancer transcription activity during a transdifferentiation event reveal additive and synergistic enhancer cooperation.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Neuroscience

    Enhancing mitochondrial activity in neurons protects against neurodegeneration in a mouse model of multiple sclerosis

    Sina C Rosenkranz et al.
    Inducing neuronal mitochondrial activity during central nervous system inflammation counteracts inflammation-induced neuronal electron transport chain deficiency and calcium toxicity, thereby protecting against neuronal loss in a multiple sclerosis mouse model.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Plant Biology

    SABRE populates ER domains essential for cell plate maturation and cell expansion influencing cell and tissue patterning

    Xiaohang Cheng, Magdalena Bezanilla
    SABRE, which is present in a wide range of eukaryotes, localizes to ER subdomains in plants, impacting cell expansion and callose deposition during cell plate maturation.

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