116 results found
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Serine ADP-ribosylation reversal by the hydrolase ARH3

    Pietro Fontana et al.
    ARH3 is an enzyme that hydrolyses serine ADP-ribosylation, a recently uncovered post-translational protein modification.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    A G-protein activation cascade from Arl13B to Arl3 and implications for ciliary targeting of lipidated proteins

    Katja Gotthardt et al.
    The ciliary G-protein Arl13B – which is often mutated in Joubert syndrome – is the Guanine nucleotide exchange factor for the G-protein Arl3 and exclusively localizes to cilia.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    ARL3 activation requires the co-GEF BART and effector-mediated turnover

    Yasmin ElMaghloob et al.
    BART is a co-GEF for ARL3 and maintains the active ARL3-GTP until it is recycled by ARL3 effectors.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Serine is the major residue for ADP-ribosylation upon DNA damage

    Luca Palazzo et al.
    Serine residues in proteins are the primary targets for PARP-dependent ADP-ribosylation signalling upon DNA damage.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Mutations in L-type amino acid transporter-2 support SLC7A8 as a novel gene involved in age-related hearing loss

    Meritxell Espino Guarch et al.
    SLC7A8 a neutral amino acid transporter has a key role in the maintenance of hearing during aging and its absence causes early onset of hearing loss.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Genome duplication in Leishmania major relies on persistent subtelomeric DNA replication

    Jeziel Dener Damasceno et al.
    Duplication of Leishmania chromosomes combines S-phase DNA replication initiated at a single internal region with subtelomeric DNA replication detectable outside S-phase, potentially explaining genome plasticity in this important parasite.
    1. Neuroscience

    Estrogenic-dependent glutamatergic neurotransmission from kisspeptin neurons governs feeding circuits in females

    Jian Qiu et al.
    Estrogen increases hypothalamic arcuate kisspeptin neuronal excitability and glutamate release to coordinate autonomic functions for maximizing reproductive success.
    1. Neuroscience

    High-frequency stimulation-induced peptide release synchronizes arcuate kisspeptin neurons and excites GnRH neurons

    Jian Qiu et al.
    Kisspeptin neurons in the hypothalamus release peptide and amino acid neurotransmitters that work together to coordinate the activity of gonadotropin-releasing hormone neurons and subsequent release of reproductive hormones.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    ARL13B regulates Sonic hedgehog signaling from outside primary cilia

    Eduardo D Gigante et al.
    ARL13B regulates cell ciliation and cilia length from within cilia and Sonic hedgehog response from outside of cilia indicating the two processes can be spatially uncoupled.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Predicting geographic location from genetic variation with deep neural networks

    CJ Battey et al.
    Neural networks allow fast and accurate prediction of individual spatial locations from genotypes or sequencing data.

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