Output neurons in the mushroom body of the fruit fly brain encode the positive or negative survival value of stimuli, enabling insects to choose adaptive approach and avoidance behaviors through associative learning.
Embryonic macrophages encourage early kidney development, interact with developing renal blood vessels, are enriched for mRNAs linked to vascular development, and promote endothelial cross-connections.
White matter microstructure alterations in key bundles affected in Alzheimer's disease are related to amyloid and tau pathology in the preclinical phase of sporadic and autosomal-dominant Alzheimer's disease.
By integrating theoretical and empirical approaches, the results show that linking abiotic factor and biotic interactions on the niche width will be critical for understanding species-specific responses to climate change.
Transcribed promoters are highly susceptible to mutation by cytidine deaminases, implicating stable exposure of single stranded DNA structures, rather than cofactors, in localising mutation during tumourigenesis and antibody maturation.