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    1. Neuroscience

    Nitric oxide acts as a cotransmitter in a subset of dopaminergic neurons to diversify memory dynamics

    Yoshinori Aso et al.
    The interplay of nitric oxide and dopamine specialize one memory unit in a fly brain in predicting the value of odors based only on recent experience.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Identification of compounds that rescue otic and myelination defects in the zebrafish adgrg6 (gpr126) mutant

    Elvira Diamantopoulou et al.
    Results of a zebrafish whole-animal chemical screen for compounds that can rescue ear and myelination defects in an adhesion GPCR (Adgrg6/Gpr126) mutant.
    1. Cell Biology

    Nanoscale dysregulation of collagen structure-function disrupts mechano-homeostasis and mediates pulmonary fibrosis

    Mark G Jones et al.
    Nanoscale changes to individual collagen fibrils drive lung fibrosis.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Combining genomics and epidemiology to analyse bi-directional transmission of Mycobacterium bovis in a multi-host system

    Joseph Crispell et al.
    Analyses combining genomic and epidemiological data of Mycobacterium bovis, which causes bovine tuberculosis, revealed evidence of transmission within and between cattle and badger populations.
    1. Neuroscience

    Human Neocortical Neurosolver (HNN), a new software tool for interpreting the cellular and network origin of human MEG/EEG data

    Samuel A Neymotin et al.
    Human Neocortical Neurosolver is a new user-friendly software tool for researchers to develop and test hypotheses on cellular/circuit origins of human MEG/EEG signals using a biophysical model.
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    Genetic predisposition to uterine leiomyoma is determined by loci for genitourinary development and genome stability

    Niko Välimäki et al.
    Genetic predisposition to uterine leiomyomas arises from variation at loci for genetic stability and genitourinary development, and in part explains the frequent occurrence of the condition in women with African origin.
    1. Neuroscience

    Poor coherence in older people's speech is explained by impaired semantic and executive processes

    Paul Hoffman et al.
    Remaining focused on the topic at hand when speaking depends on effective selection of task-relevant semantic knowledge, and declines in this ability account for increases in off-topic speech in older people.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Epidemiology and Global Health

    The intractable challenge of evaluating cattle vaccination as a control for bovine Tuberculosis

    Andrew James Kerr Conlan et al.
    Natural transmission experiments should be prioritised over risky and expensive field trials, in order to establish the impact of cattle vaccination on the transmission of bovine Tuberculosis.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Integrating genotypes and phenotypes improves long-term forecasts of seasonal influenza A/H3N2 evolution

    John Huddleston et al.
    The combination of phenotypic measures of antigenic drift and genotypic measures of functional constraint improves the accuracy of long-term seasonal influenza A/H3N2 forecasts.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Intracellular calcium leak lowers glucose storage in human muscle, promoting hyperglycemia and diabetes

    Eshwar R Tammineni et al.
    Calcium-driven protein changes, causing glycogenolysis, poor synthesis, and diminished content of glycogen, along with diminished glucose transporters, lead to hyperglycemia in patients prone to calcium leaks from intracellular muscle stores.