81 results found
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    RTN3 inhibits RIG-I-mediated antiviral responses by impairing TRIM25-mediated K63-linked polyubiquitination

    Ziwei Yang et al.
    RTN3 is upregulated upon RNA viral infection, in turn suppresses antiviral responses by impairing TRIM25-mediated RIG-I K63-linked polyubiquitination and decreases neutrophil populations and inflammatory infiltration, representing a novel inflammatory resolution.
    1. Cell Biology

    Unique integrated stress response sensors regulate cancer cell susceptibility when Hsp70 activity is compromised

    Sara Sannino et al.
    Unique integrate stress response sensors differentially trigger pro-survival versus pro-apoptotic responses in cells confronted with Hsp70 inhibitor-associated proteotoxic challenges.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Short and long sleeping mutants reveal links between sleep and macroautophagy

    Joseph L Bedont et al.
    Unbiased and targeted genetic approaches reveal a link between sleep and autophagy that could be relevant for sleep function, and for understanding pathological consequences of chronic sleep loss.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Downregulation of glial genes involved in synaptic function mitigates Huntington's disease pathogenesis

    Tarik Seref Onur et al.
    Cross-species transcriptomic analysis and high-throughput behavioral assays in a Drosophila model of Huntington's disease show that downregulation of glial genes involved in synaptic function compensates for disease-related excitotoxicity.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Computational and Systems Biology

    Simple biochemical features underlie transcriptional activation domain diversity and dynamic, fuzzy binding to Mediator

    Adrian L Sanborn et al.
    Transcriptional activation domains achieve rapid, dynamic, specific interaction with Mediator through binding of an unstructured peptide to multiple hydrophobic surfaces without particular amino acid side chain interactions.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    The mTORC1-mediated activation of ATF4 promotes protein and glutathione synthesis downstream of growth signals

    Margaret E Torrence et al.
    ATF4 is a metabolic effector of mTORC1 signaling, co-opted to induce gene targets involved in amino acid synthesis, uptake, and tRNA charging, contributing to mTORC1-driven protein and glutathione synthesis.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Dichloroacetate reverses sepsis-induced hepatic metabolic dysfunction

    Rabina Mainali et al.
    Integrative multi-omics reveals global dysregulation in hepatic metabolism during prolonged sepsis.
    1. Cancer Biology

    Use of signals of positive and negative selection to distinguish cancer genes and passenger genes

    László Bányai et al.
    In contrast with earlier conclusions, negative selection has a major role in cancer evolution.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    MITF reprograms the extracellular matrix and focal adhesion in melanoma

    Ramile Dilshat et al.
    Analysis of knockout and knockdown melanoma cells and TCGA melanoma data shows that the microphthalmia-associated transcription factor (MITF) is a major repressor of extracellular matrix (ECM) and focal adhesion genes.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Bacterial symbiont subpopulations have different roles in a deep-sea symbiosis

    Tjorven Hinzke et al.
    Physiological differentiation during symbiosis leads to division of labor between smaller and larger cells in an uncultured bacterial tubeworm symbiont population and results in remarkable metabolic diversity and complexity.

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