419 results found
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Nicotinamide mononucleotide adenylyltransferase uses its NAD+ substrate-binding site to chaperone phosphorylated Tau

    Xiaojuan Ma et al.
    Mechanistic insight into the chaperone-like activity of NMNAT to phosphorylated Tau reveals a connection between NAD+metabolism and Tau homeostasis.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Cell-type diversity and regionalized gene expression in the planarian intestine

    David J Forsthoefel et al.
    Application of laser-capture microdissection to planarian intestinal tissue provides a new tool for analysis of tissue-specific gene expression in flatworms, and a new resource to advance investigations of gastrointestinal regeneration.
    1. Developmental Biology

    A branched heterochronic pathway directs juvenile-to-adult transition through two LIN-29 isoforms

    Chiara Azzi et al.
    Distinct regulation endows two isoforms of the transcription factor LIN-29 with distinct functions to achieve coordinated execution of separate juvenile-to-adult transition events in Caenorhabditis elegans..
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Defective lytic transglycosylase disrupts cell morphogenesis by hindering cell wall de-O-acetylation in Neisseria meningitidis

    Allison Hillary Williams et al.
    Lytic transglycosylase enhances the activity of its protein partner, and its catalytic domain can be targeted to disrupt cell-wall integrity, protein partner function, and bacterial survival (Neisseria meningitidis) in hosts.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Antagonistic regulation by insulin-like peptide and activin ensures the elaboration of appropriate dendritic field sizes of amacrine neurons

    Jiangnan Luo et al.
    Afferent-derived factors control the elaboration of appropriate and robust sizes of dendritic arbors by dynamically modulating dendritic growth parameters.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Structural basis of transcription inhibition by the DNA mimic protein Ocr of bacteriophage T7

    Fuzhou Ye et al.
    DNA mimicry Ocr protein, a well-studied T7 phage protein that inhibits host restriction enzymes, can also inhibit host transcription through competing with sigma factors in binding to RNA polymerase.
    1. Neuroscience

    Synaptic mechanisms underlying modulation of locomotor-related motoneuron output by premotor cholinergic interneurons

    Filipe Nascimento et al.
    The pairing of chemogenetic and electrophysiological approaches reveals mechanisms by which cholinergic synapses modulate the final motor output of the nervous system.
    1. Neuroscience

    The p75 neurotrophin receptor in AgRP neurons is necessary for homeostatic feeding and food anticipation

    Brandon Podyma et al.
    A novel neurotrophin signaling axis underpins a behavioral response to food scarcity.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Plant Biology

    Reticulon proteins modulate autophagy of the endoplasmic reticulum in maize endosperm

    Xiaoguo Zhang et al.
    Plant reticulons bind Atg8 under ER stress to promote reticulophagy and ameliorate ER stress in the maize endosperm.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Translational initiation in E. coli occurs at the correct sites genome-wide in the absence of mRNA-rRNA base-pairing

    Kazuki Saito et al.
    E. coli ribosomes incapable of base-pairing with the Shine-Dalgarno sequence are still selective for annotated start sites, indicating these sites are hard-wired for initiation by other mRNA features.

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