29 results found
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Plant Biology

    Asymmetrical diversification of the receptor-ligand interaction controlling self-incompatibility in Arabidopsis

    Maxime Chantreau et al.
    In-planta ancestral protein resurrection of the female determinant of self-incompatibility specificity in Arabidopsis halleri demonstrates that two allelic variants currently segregating as distinct receptor-ligand combinations diverged through an asymmetrical process.
    1. Plant Biology

    Proximity labeling of protein complexes and cell-type-specific organellar proteomes in Arabidopsis enabled by TurboID

    Andrea Mair et al.
    Proximity-labeling using engineered biotin ligases TurboID and miniTurbo enables detection of cell-type-specific and low abundance protein complexes and subcellular proteomes in Arabidopsis and other plants.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Proteome-wide signatures of function in highly diverged intrinsically disordered regions

    Taraneh Zarin et al.
    Widespread, rapidly evolving disordered regions contain molecular features that are preserved over evolution and are associated with specific biological functions.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Cell Biology

    Mechanical force induces mitochondrial fission

    Sebastian Carsten Johannes Helle et al.
    Mechanically stimulating mitochondria causes them to divide via the recruitment of the mitochondrial fission machinery to the mechanically strained site, showing that intracellular organelles can be mechanoresponsive.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Plant Biology

    Cell type boundaries organize plant development

    Monica Pia Caggiano et al.
    Leaf position, shape and orientation are pre-patterned by cell type boundaries in the shoot meristem.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Neuroscience

    A genomic lifespan program that reorganises the young adult brain is targeted in schizophrenia

    Nathan G Skene et al.
    A genetic program controlling brain genes across the lifespan specifies a calendar of changes in cells, synapses and behavioural genes thereby timing the onset of mental illnesses which arise in young adults.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Efficient protein targeting to the inner nuclear membrane requires Atlastin-dependent maintenance of ER topology

    Sumit Pawar et al.
    Efficient targeting of membrane proteins from the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) to the inner nuclear membrane depends on GTP hydrolysis by Atlastin GTPases and their function in maintaining an interconnected topology of the ER network.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Systematic bacterialization of yeast genes identifies a near-universally swappable pathway

    Aashiq H Kachroo et al.
    Despite billions of years of divergence, a majority of prokaryotic genes can functionally replace their essential eukaryotic counterparts, revealing broad preservation of ancestral functions and identifying heme biosynthesis as a near-universally swappable pathway.
    1. Physics of Living Systems

    Increasing evidence of mechanical force as a functional regulator in smooth muscle myosin light chain kinase

    Fabian Baumann et al.
    Atomic force microscopy based single-molecule force spectroscopy of smooth muscle myosin light chain kinase strongly indicates the existence of a mechanically triggerable activation pathway analogous to its well-established biochemical regulation pathway via calcium-loaded calmodulin.
    1. Neuroscience

    Analysis of the NK2 homeobox gene ceh-24 reveals sublateral motor neuron control of left-right turning during sleep

    Juliane Schwarz, Henrik Bringmann
    A genetic analysis has identified the cholinergic SIA sublateral motor neurons, which innervate all four body wall muscles separately, as crucial regulators of turning around during sleep in Caenorhabditis elegans.

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