A genetic analysis has identified the cholinergic SIA sublateral motor neurons, which innervate all four body wall muscles separately, as crucial regulators of turning around during sleep in Caenorhabditis elegans.
Two newly identified assembly factors for the ribosome-associated iron-sulfur protein Rli1 reveal a general mechanism for how the cytosolic iron-sulfur protein assembly (CIA) machinery recruits apoproteins.
Efficient targeting of membrane proteins from the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) to the inner nuclear membrane depends on GTP hydrolysis by Atlastin GTPases and their function in maintaining an interconnected topology of the ER network.
In-planta ancestral protein resurrection of the female determinant of self-incompatibility specificity in Arabidopsis halleri demonstrates that two allelic variants currently segregating as distinct receptor-ligand combinations diverged through an asymmetrical process.
The correct enzymatic activity of a previously misnamed enzyme is defined, placing the enzyme upstream of LARGE in building functional O-mannose structures on α-dystroglycan that are disrupted in multiple forms of congenital muscular dystrophy.