2,653 results found
    1. Biochemistry

    Post-translational Modifications: Reversing ADP-ribosylation

    Giuliana Katharina Moeller, Gyula Timinszky
    Interactions between serines and molecules of ADP-ribose play an important role in signaling that the DNA in a cell has been damaged and needs to be repaired.
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    1. Biochemistry
    2. Cell Biology

    Large-scale filament formation inhibits the activity of CTP synthetase

    Rachael M Barry et al.
    The accumulation of its product, cytidine triphosphate, encourages the enzyme CTP synthetase (CtpS) to form large-scale polymers and inhibits the enzyme's activity.
    1. Biophysics and Structural Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Molecular structure of human KATP in complex with ATP and ADP

    Kenneth Pak Kin Lee et al.
    MgADP binding to the high-affinity 'consensus' ATPase active site of SUR1 and remodeling of the L0-loop (lasso region) overrides tonic ATP inhibition of KATP channels.
    1. Neuroscience

    Inhibiting poly(ADP-ribosylation) improves axon regeneration

    Alexandra B Byrne et al.
    In C. elegans and mouse neurons, the balance between poly(ADP-ribose) glycohydrolases and poly(ADP-ribose) polymerases regulates axon regeneration downstream of DLK-1/MAPKKK signaling.
    1. Cell Biology

    Kinase-dead ATM protein is highly oncogenic and can be preferentially targeted by Topo-isomerase I inhibitors

    Kenta Yamamoto et al.
    Orphan ATM kinase-domain missense mutations are unexpectedly common and form a potent oncogenic event and a biomarker for Topo-isomerase I inhibitor based therapy.
    1. Cell Biology

    Mitochondrial flashes regulate ATP homeostasis in the heart

    Xianhua Wang et al.
    Mitochondrial flashes counteract the imbalance of ATP supply-and-demand and constitute an auto-regulator of ATP homeostasis in the heart.
    1. Biophysics and Structural Biology

    Cryo-EM structure of the ATP-sensitive potassium channel illuminates mechanisms of assembly and gating

    Gregory M Martin et al.
    Single-particle cryo-electron microscopy reveals the first subnanometer structure of ATP-sensitive potassium (KATP) channels, which provides insight into the structural mechanisms of channel assembly and gating.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Genes and Chromosomes

    ATM regulation of IL-8 links oxidative stress to cancer cell migration and invasion

    Wei-Ta Chen et al.
    The ATM kinase has an unanticipated role in tumor progression through the regulation of cell migration by oxidative stress.
    1. Biochemistry
    2. Biophysics and Structural Biology

    Symmetry broken and rebroken during the ATP hydrolysis cycle of the mitochondrial Hsp90 TRAP1

    Daniel Elnatan et al.
    A flip of the dimer asymmetry following the first ATP hydrolysis provides a mechanistic model for client remodeling by the mitochondrial Hsp90, TRAP1.
    1. Neuroscience

    APP modulates KCC2 expression and function in hippocampal GABAergic inhibition

    Ming Chen et al.
    APP interacts with KCC2 to limit the latter from tyrosine-phosphorylation and ubiquitination and thus subsequent degradation, revealing a novel molecular pathway in which APP regulates GABAergic signaling and thus inhibition in the hippocampus.

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