246 results found
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Inhibition of synucleinopathic seeding by rationally designed inhibitors

    Smriti Sangwan et al.
    Inhibitors of seeded propagation of alpha-synuclein may be developed into diagnostics and therapeutics for Parkinson's disease.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Distinct structural and catalytic roles for Zap70 in formation of the immunological synapse in CTL

    Misty R Jenkins et al.
    Inhibition of the catalytic activity of the Zap70 kinase reveals that discrete TCR-regulated events control the remodelling of the actin cytoskeleton when the cytotoxic T cell interacts with its target.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Structure-based inhibitors of amyloid beta core suggest a common interface with tau

    Sarah L Griner et al.
    Aβ inhibitors effectively block its aggregation, while also reducing seeding of tau aggregation from Aβ, tau, and AD derived fibrils, suggesting the two share a structurally related disease relevant interface.
    1. Neuroscience

    Feeding state functionally reconfigures a sensory circuit to drive thermosensory behavioral plasticity

    Asuka Takeishi et al.
    Starvation modulates thermotaxis behaviors in C. elegans via functional reconfiguration of a sensory network by gut-brain signaling.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Neuronal octopamine signaling regulates mating-induced germline stem cell increase in female Drosophila melanogaster

    Yuto Yoshinari et al.
    Genetic analyses using the fruit fly illustrate how neuronal system couples germline stem cell increase to an external cue, which is mating, through stem cell niche signaling.
    1. Neuroscience

    Aberrant sorting of hippocampal complex pyramidal cells in type I lissencephaly alters topological innervation

    James A D'Amour et al.
    The loss of lamination in mammalian brain structures under cellular heterotopia carries with it non-uniform ramifications for the various components of the canonical CA1 microcircuitry.
    1. Neuroscience

    Whole-organism behavioral profiling reveals a role for dopamine in state-dependent motor program coupling in C. elegans

    Nathan Cermak et al.
    Simultaneous quantification of each of the main motor programs in the roundworm C. elegans yields new insights into the neural mechanisms that coordinate animal behavior.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Distinct roles for S. cerevisiae H2A copies in recombination and repeat stability, with a role for H2A.1 threonine 126

    Nealia CM House et al.
    Despite differing by only one amino acid in the C-terminal tail, copy 1 of yeast histone 2A has a repair-specific role not shared by copy 2.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Combinatorial chromatin dynamics foster accurate cardiopharyngeal fate choices

    Claudia Racioppi et al.
    ATAC-seq, CRISPR/Cas9 mutagenesis, reporter and gene expression assays revealed dynamic chromatin accessibility profiles governing differential gene expression during heart vs. pharyngeal muscle fate choices in the powerful chordate model Ciona.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Cryo-EM structures of S-OPA1 reveal its interactions with membrane and changes upon nucleotide binding

    Danyang Zhang et al.
    GTP binding induces rearrangement of S-OPA1 assembly on membrane and thus triggers membrane remodeling with reduced curvature.

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