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    1. Neuroscience

    Whole-organism behavioral profiling reveals a role for dopamine in state-dependent motor program coupling in C. elegans

    Nathan Cermak et al.
    Simultaneous quantification of each of the main motor programs in the roundworm C. elegans yields new insights into the neural mechanisms that coordinate animal behavior.
    1. Developmental Biology

    In vivo study of gene expression with an enhanced dual-color fluorescent transcriptional timer

    Li He et al.
    A simple and effective method facilitates the study of in vivo transcriptional dynamics using transcriptional enhancers and destabilized fluorescent protein, which is suitable for both live imaging and fixed studies.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Combinatorial chromatin dynamics foster accurate cardiopharyngeal fate choices

    Claudia Racioppi et al.
    ATAC-seq, CRISPR/Cas9 mutagenesis, reporter and gene expression assays revealed dynamic chromatin accessibility profiles governing differential gene expression during heart vs. pharyngeal muscle fate choices in the powerful chordate model Ciona.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    PLZF targets developmental enhancers for activation during osteogenic differentiation of human mesenchymal stem cells

    Shuchi Agrawal Singh et al.
    A key transcription-factor for osteogenic differentiation, PLZF, acts as a transcriptional activator by binding to active developmental enhancers and facilitates mediator recruitment, but is not involved in enhancer looping.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Cryo-EM structures of S-OPA1 reveal its interactions with membrane and changes upon nucleotide binding

    Danyang Zhang et al.
    GTP binding induces rearrangement of S-OPA1 assembly on membrane and thus triggers membrane remodeling with reduced curvature.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Distinct roles for S. cerevisiae H2A copies in recombination and repeat stability, with a role for H2A.1 threonine 126

    Nealia CM House et al.
    Despite differing by only one amino acid in the C-terminal tail, copy 1 of yeast histone 2A has a repair-specific role not shared by copy 2.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    Expansion of the fatty acyl reductase gene family shaped pheromone communication in Hymenoptera

    Michal Tupec et al.
    A fatty acyl reductase gene family expansion in the Hymenoptera crown group led to recruitment of novel pheromone-biosynthetic enzymes and is linked to evolution of pheromone marking behavior.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Herpesviral lytic gene functions render the viral genome susceptible to novel editing by CRISPR/Cas9

    Hyung Suk Oh et al.
    CRISPR genome editing technology can efficiently introduce mutations into lytic and latent HSV genomes to block lytic replication and reactivation of latent herpes simplex virus genome though differential mechanisms.
    1. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Ovaries absent links dLsd1 to HP1a for local H3K4 demethylation required for heterochromatic gene silencing

    Fu Yang et al.
    A Drosophila fertility gene is identified that acts as a linker between HP1a and local H3K4 demethylation during HP1a-mediated gene silencing that is required for ovary development and transposon silencing..
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Physics of Living Systems

    Morphogenetic degeneracies in the actomyosin cortex

    Sundar Ram Naganathan et al.
    Distinct molecular functions contribute to the same material property at larger scales leading to degenerate functionality.