4,397 results found
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Limited dishevelled/Axin oligomerization determines efficiency of Wnt/β-catenin signal transduction

    Wei Kan et al.
    In vitro and in cellulo characterization of oligomerization by the cytoplasmic Wnt effector dishevelled and its partner Axin provide new mechanistic principles for Wnt/β-catenin signaling.
    1. Neuroscience

    Noninvasive quantification of axon radii using diffusion MRI

    Jelle Veraart et al.
    Cell-specific architectural properties such as the axon diameter of the white matter of the human brain can be quantified accurately and non-invasively using diffusion magnetic resonance imaging.
    1. Neuroscience

    Presenilin/γ-secretase-dependent EphA3 processing mediates axon elongation through non-muscle myosin IIA

    Míriam Javier-Torrent et al.
    EphA signaling plays dual opposite roles on axon dynamics in neurons, so it inhibits and promotes axon growth through ligand binding and receptor processing, respectively.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Plant Biology

    Coordination of tissue cell polarity by auxin transport and signaling

    Carla Verna et al.
    GNOM controls both auxin transport and auxin signaling to coordinate tissue cell polarity during vein patterning in plants.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Plant Biology

    Quantitative analysis of auxin sensing in leaf primordia argues against proposed role in regulating leaf dorsoventrality

    Neha Bhatia et al.
    Top-bottom patterning of leaves is not specified by an asymmetry in the distribution of the plant hormone auxin, in contrast to a previous proposal.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Maternal Gdf3 is an obligatory cofactor in Nodal signaling for embryonic axis formation in zebrafish

    Brent W Bisgrove et al.
    Maternal Gdf3 and Nodal are interdependent obligatory cofactors in the fundamental patterning of the vertebrate embryonic axis of zebrafish.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    NOVA regulates Dcc alternative splicing during neuronal migration and axon guidance in the spinal cord

    Janelle C Leggere et al.
    Alternative splicing of the Dcc gene, which is controlled by the NOVA RNA-binding proteins, is crucial during neuronal migration and axon guidance.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Plant Biology

    Origin and evolution of the nuclear auxin response system

    Sumanth K Mutte et al.
    The system that controls gene expression by the plant signaling molecule auxin has deep evolutionary roots, and stepwise increases in system complexity shaped the highly diverse auxin response in land plants.
    1. Plant Biology

    Auxin efflux by PIN-FORMED proteins is activated by two different protein kinases, D6 PROTEIN KINASE and PINOID

    Melina Zourelidou et al.
    Two protein kinases are required to activate auxin efflux transporters from plants.
    1. Developmental Biology

    The transcription factor Pitx2 positions the embryonic axis and regulates twinning

    Angela Torlopp et al.
    In higher vertebrates, the position of the embryonic axis (the location at which gastrulation starts) is determined by the transcription factor Pitx2, which suggests that the mechanisms of this process, and hence those that regulate twinning, are related to those that set up the left–right axis.

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