54 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    A high affinity RIM-binding protein/Aplip1 interaction prevents the formation of ectopic axonal active zones

    Matthias Siebert et al.
    High affinity interactions with transport adaptors are important to shield the interaction surfaces of cytomatrix components to block fatal premature oligomerization of active zone proteins during axonal transport.
    1. Neuroscience

    RIM-BP2 primes synaptic vesicles via recruitment of Munc13-1 at hippocampal mossy fiber synapses

    Marisa M Brockmann et al.
    The active zone scaffold protein RIM-BP2 performs distinct functions in vesicle release at two hippocampal synapses, providing insights on how synapses express diversity in release properties.
    1. Neuroscience

    Parkin contributes to synaptic vesicle autophagy in Bassoon-deficient mice

    Sheila Hoffmann-Conaway et al.
    The presynaptic scaffolding protein Bassoon is involved in regulating neurotransmitter release by controlling synaptic vesicle pool size and vesicular protein turnover through increased ubiquitination and Parkin-dependent autophagy.
    1. Neuroscience

    Spatiotemporal dynamics of multi-vesicular release is determined by heterogeneity of release sites within central synapses

    Dario Maschi, Vitaly A Klyachko
    Release site heterogeneity represents a previously unknown level of structural and functional organization within individual active zones in central synapses, which determines the spatiotemporal dynamics of multi-vesicular release.
    1. Neuroscience

    Olfactory connectivity mediates sleep-dependent food choices in humans

    Surabhi Bhutani et al.
    Sleep deprivation enhances energy-dense food choices and encoding of olfactory information in the human brain.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    The Ndc80 complex bridges two Dam1 complex rings

    Jae ook Kim et al.
    The ability of the Ndc80 complex to bind two Dam1 complex rings is important for chromosome attachment, and the distance between the two rings is vital for supporting growth.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Restraint of presynaptic protein levels by Wnd/DLK signaling mediates synaptic defects associated with the kinesin-3 motor Unc-104

    Jiaxing Li et al.
    Synaptic defects previously attributed to loss of kinesin function are found to be mediated by the Wnd/DLK axonal injury signaling pathway, which restrains the total levels of presynaptic proteins in response to their accumulation.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Cell Biology

    Investigating molecular crowding within nuclear pores using polarization-PALM

    Guo Fu et al.
    The super-resolution fluorescence microscopy approach polarization PALM (p-PALM) reveals that macromolecular crowding and inhomogeneity within nuclear pores generate a structurally and dynamically complex permeability barrier.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Aurora-A mediated histone H3 phosphorylation of threonine 118 controls condensin I and cohesin occupancy in mitosis

    Candice L Wike et al.
    A histone modification that alters the nucleosome structure occurs in mitosis and promotes chromosome packaging and the timely removal of condensin I and cohesion, to achieve chromosome segregation.
    1. Neuroscience

    A network of autism linked genes stabilizes two pools of synaptic GABAA receptors

    Xia-Jing Tong et al.
    Mobile and immobile GABAA receptors in the C. elegans neuromuscular synapse are stabilized by two distinct protein scaffolds.

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