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14 results found
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    A large genomic insertion containing a duplicated follistatin gene is linked to the pea aphid male wing dimorphism

    Binshuang Li et al.
    The application of long-read sequencing to the pea aphid wing dimorphism system reveals genomic structural divergence as a genetic mechanism of adaptation.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Ribosome surface properties may impose limits on the nature of the cytoplasmic proteome

    Paul E Schavemaker et al.
    The diffusion coefficients of proteins in the cytoplasm depend on their net charge and the distribution of charge over the protein surface, with positive proteins moving up to 100-fold slower because they bind to ribosomes.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Punctuated evolution and transitional hybrid network in an ancestral cell cycle of fungi

    Edgar M Medina et al.
    Cell cycle network evolution in a fungal ancestor was punctuated by the arrival of a viral DNA-binding protein that was permanently incorporated into the regulatory network controlling cell cycle entry.
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    Firefly genomes illuminate parallel origins of bioluminescence in beetles

    Timothy R Fallon et al.
    The first genomic view of beetle luciferase evolution indicates evolutionary independence of luciferase between fireflies and click-beetles, and provide valuable datasets which will accelerate the discovery of new biotechnological tools.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    Antibacterial gene transfer across the tree of life

    Jason A Metcalf et al.
    Parallel horizontal gene transfer has spread a bacteriolytic gene family to all domains of life, and has bestowed a niche-transcending adaptation in recipients that must deploy antibacterial molecules to survive in a bacterial world.
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    Amino acid synthesis loss in parasitoid wasps and other hymenopterans

    Xinhai Ye et al.
    The synthesis capability of some amino acids is lost during the insect evolution, and hymenopteran parasitoids can make up for these deficiencies by altering free amino acid concentrations in host.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    The Aquilegia genome provides insight into adaptive radiation and reveals an extraordinarily polymorphic chromosome with a unique history

    Danièle L Filiault et al.
    The evolution columbine genus involved frequent mixing between incipient species, and one chromosome appears to have taken its own path.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Folded gastrulation and T48 drive the evolution of coordinated mesoderm internalization in flies

    Silvia Urbansky et al.
    Functional recapitulation of a likely evolutionary gain in gene expression shows that two genes are sufficient to switch mesoderm cell internalization from stochastic cell ingression to coordinated epithelial invagination.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    Chloroplast acquisition without the gene transfer in kleptoplastic sea slugs, Plakobranchus ocellatus

    Taro Maeda et al.
    The newly opened genome of a kleptoplastic mollusk, Plakobranchus ocellatus, indicated that sequestered plastids retain their activity within the animal cell without horizontal algal gene transfer to the animal nucleus.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Apoptotic neurodegeneration in whitefly promotes the spread of TYLCV

    Shifan Wang et al.
    A plant virus, Tomato yellow leaf curl virus, manipulates the host preference of the vector insect whitefly to promote its transmission by inducing caspase-dependent apoptotic neurodegeneration in vector's brain.

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