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    1. Ecology
    2. Epidemiology and Global Health

    Using mobile phones as acoustic sensors for high-throughput mosquito surveillance

    Haripriya Mukundarajan et al.
    Mobile phones can accurately capture sound recordings from mosquito wingbeats with species-specific frequencies, together with metadata about the recording time, location and conditions, to enable rapid low-cost mosquito surveillance using a citizen-science approach.
    1. Neuroscience

    The cation channel TRPA1 tunes mosquito thermotaxis to host temperatures

    Román A Corfas, Leslie B Vosshall
    Female mosquitoes are exquisitely sensitive to human body heat, and the TRPA1 gene is required to focus their attraction toward thermal stimuli resembling warm-blooded hosts.
    1. Ecology
    2. Neuroscience

    BiteOscope, an open platform to study mosquito biting behavior

    Felix JH Hol et al.
    A new tool to visualize blood-feeding mosquitoes in high resolution and quantitatively characterize their behavior sheds light on contact-dependent sensing and blood-feeding dynamics of several medically relevant mosquito species.
    1. Ecology
    2. Epidemiology and Global Health

    Transmission of West Nile and five other temperate mosquito-borne viruses peaks at temperatures between 23°C and 26°C

    Marta S Shocket et al.
    Mechanistic, trait-based models for transmission of West Nile virus and observed incidence of human West Nile disease cases in the US both show optimal transmission at 24-25°C.
    1. Ecology
    2. Epidemiology and Global Health

    Temperature explains broad patterns of Ross River virus transmission

    Marta Strecker Shocket et al.
    Accounting for nonlinear responses to temperature is critical for accurately predicting how Ross River virus and other mosquito-borne diseases will respond to climate change and detecting the effects of temperature on disease transmission.
    1. Ecology

    How will mosquitoes adapt to climate warming?

    Lisa I Couper et al.
    Mosquitoes may be likely to adapt to climate warming given their short life cycles and strong temperature sensitivity, but key data gaps identified here constrain current estimates of adaptive potential.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Guy1, a Y-linked embryonic signal, regulates dosage compensation in Anopheles stephensi by increasing X gene expression

    Yumin Qi et al.
    For the first time in a mosquito species an initial Y chromosome signal has been shown to regulate dosage compensation by increasing X chromosome gene expression.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Discrete viral E2 lysine residues and scavenger receptor MARCO are required for clearance of circulating alphaviruses

    Kathryn S Carpentier et al.
    The scavenger receptor MARCO and liver phagocytes are required for clearance of circulating alphavirus particles and thereby limit viremia and viral dissemination.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Dengue viruses cleave STING in humans but not in nonhuman primates, their presumed natural reservoir

    Alex C Stabell et al.
    An analysis of innate immunity reveals why dengue viruses do not reach high titers in primate laboratory models, even though they emerged through zoonotic transmission from primate reservoirs.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    GUY1 confers complete female lethality and is a strong candidate for a male-determining factor in Anopheles stephensi

    Frank Criscione et al.
    Evidence that the small GUY1 protein is a strong candidate for being a male-determining factor is provided via the establishment of Guy1 transgenic lines of mosquitoes that confer complete and stable female lethality.