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    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Importance of miRNA stability and alternative primary miRNA isoforms in gene regulation during Drosophila development

    Li Zhou et al.
    Selective degradation of mature miRNAs shapes temporal miRNA expression patterns and is important for proper regulation of target genes to support normal development of Drosophila embryos.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    MERS-CoV spillover at the camel-human interface

    Gytis Dudas et al.
    MERS-CoV infections in the Arabian Peninsula are the result of several hundred spillover events from viruses circulating in camels into the human population.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health

    Opportunities for improved surveillance and control of dengue from age-specific case data

    Isabel Rodriguez-Barraquer et al.
    Age-specific incidence data, combined with mechanistic models of immunity, provides a unique opportunity to characterize disease transmission of dengue and other immunizing diseases at high temporal and spatial resolution.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Cis-regulatory evolution integrated the Bric-à-brac transcription factors into a novel fruit fly gene regulatory network

    Maxwell J Roeske et al.
    The conserved biochemical activity of the duplicate Bab transcription factors were integrated into the regulatory hierarchy of an evolving gene regulatory network by binding site gains in a target gene's cis-regulatory region.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Cell Biology

    The pseudo GTPase CENP-M drives human kinetochore assembly

    Federica Basilico et al.
    Centromeric protein M (CENP-M) is required for the stabilization of a quaternary complex that plays a crucial role in kinetochore organization and function.
    1. Ecology
    2. Neuroscience

    Combined transcriptome and proteome profiling reveals specific molecular brain signatures for sex, maturation and circalunar clock phase

    Sven Schenk et al.
    A molecular profiling approach to quantify transcripts and proteins from identical samples allows study of molecular effects of maturation, sexual differentiation and the endogenous circalunar clock in a marine worm.
    1. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Reactive oxygen species-dependent Toll/NF-κB activation in the Drosophila hematopoietic niche confers resistance to wasp parasitism

    Isabelle Louradour et al.
    In the Drosophila hematopoietic microenvironment, a regulatory network involving Toll/NF-B, EGFR signaling and reactive oxygen species controls blood cell production in response to immune stress.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Epidemiological and ecological determinants of Zika virus transmission in an urban setting

    José Lourenço et al.
    An ento-epidemiological model reveals that what made the Zika virus a public health problem in Feira de Santana, Brazil, was a surprisingly high attack rate coupled with a low risk of Microcephaly per challenged pregnancy.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Acquisition of exogenous haem is essential for tick reproduction

    Jan Perner et al.
    The lack of haem biosynthetic and degradative pathways in ticks offers new strategies to combat these parasites.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    GUY1 confers complete female lethality and is a strong candidate for a male-determining factor in Anopheles stephensi

    Frank Criscione et al.
    Evidence that the small GUY1 protein is a strong candidate for being a male-determining factor is provided via the establishment of Guy1 transgenic lines of mosquitoes that confer complete and stable female lethality.